Recently in Moodle Training Videos Category

Moodle Essentials for Teachers - with notes

In the following entries you'll find links to each of the Moodle 1.9 Essentials for Teachers training videos, along with notes from Johnathan Wright, graduate student in Curriculum Studies and Secondary Education/Educational Technology program in the School of Education. The video links will take you to the CSU's authentication portal - select Sonoma State University in the pulldown menu and click Select. This takes you to SSU Online Services. Enter your Seawolf username and password, and you will be redirected to the video.

Please note: these videos are for Moodle version 1.9. SSU currently uses Moodle 2. While much of the information is still useful, there are some differences. Faculty should check the Moodle 2 Essentials for Teachers video series.

Quicktime is required to view the videos.

If you'd like to follow the videos and build your own sample course, download these training files (ZIP). If you don't already have a blank Moodle course on SSU's Moodle server, contact the IT Web Office to request a Sandbox course. A Sandbox is an empty course you can use to explore Moodle. Students don't have access to Sandbox courses by default.

Getting Started: Welcome

Welcome Video

This video features Chris Mattia, the narrator of the Lynda Moodle Training videos. He explains that Moodle works on 3 levels:

1. Disseminating knowledge and information
2. Creating a collaborative community where ideas can be exchanged
3. Assessing the progress of students

Getting Started: Course Overview

Course Overview

Moodle is an online learning management system. The most common use of Moodle is to create an online adjunct to a face-to-face classroom.

Getting Started: Logging In and Getting Oriented in Moodle

Logging In and Getting Oriented in Moodle

Turn Editing On
If you are unsure how to do this please see directions here. (opens in new window)

Content Block
These are the blocks of information found in the middle of a Moodle page. At the top of this block is an "Edit" icon. This will allow you to change the header information for that block.

Items Within a Content Block
Each item within a content block has a set of icons that allow you to edit the item.

Indent will slide that particular item over like a tab in a word processor. This is useful for organizing hierarchies of content.
Move will display a series of boxes where you can move the content up or down. Just click on the box where you want to move the item. You can even move it to another content block.
Edit opens the item's setup menu, allowing you to change its settings.
Delete removes the item.
Hide/Show will make the item visible or invisible to students. If the eyeball is open then students can see the item when they check the Moodle page. If the eyeball is closed then the item is hidden from students, and will appear "greyed out" on your teacher Moodle page. This allows you to create an item ahead of time, like a test, but not have it visible to your students until you choose to make it visible.

Add a Resource / Activity
When editing is turned on there are two drop down menus in each content block: "Add a Resource" and "Add an Activity". Resources are information files you want to provide to your students. Activities are things you want your students to do or hand in.

Altering & Moving a Content Block
block-icons.jpgOn the right hand side of every content block is a series of block icons, used to alter the block's appearance and location on the Moodle page.
Show Block icon will make that content block the only one visible, except for the header block. Push it again to return the other content blocks to your Moodle page.
Highlight Block icon will color that content block, so your students know which block to focus on.
Hide/Show icon will make that content block appear or disappear on the page.
Move Block icon will move the content block up or down on the Moodle page.

Switch Roll To
This drop-down menu in the upper right hand corner of the Moodle page will allow you to switch between your teacher access and that of a student, so you can see what your site looks like to them. To return just hit the button to return to teacher roll. Make sure to turn editing back on if you want to continue to change things.

Getting Started: Customize Your Profile

Customize Your Profile

Click on your name on the upper right of the Moodle page. Hitting the "Edit Profile" tab will allow you to change your personal information. Make sure your email address is correct. The "Description" box will change the information that appears near the top of your profile. You can select a picture of yourself by clicking on the "Browse" button on the "Picture of" section. Make sure to fill in a "picture description" under that section.

If you want to add additional contact information click on the "Advanced" button on the bottom.

When you click "Update Profile" your new profile will appear.

You can also use this screen to change your password for this class, unenroll yourself from this class, or send messages to any other moodle user. You can find your Forum Posts here, as well as make a new blog entry. The "Notes" section is for posting information that will be visible by other teachers. "Site Notes" will be visible by all teachers using Moodle. "Course Notes" will be visible by all teachers teaching that course. "Personal Notes" will only be visible by you.

Note: SSU Moodle uses your official SSU email address. For students, this is in the form of For faculty and staff, this is in the form of OR, depending on your Exchange email preferences. If you try to change your email address in the Moodle profile, the automatic enrollment update will reset it to your official email address.

Getting Started: Customize Course Settings

Customize Course Settings

The Moodle page defaults to a "Topic Outline" setting. However some teachers prefer a format that allows you to lay out assignments by week. You can change this by going to the Administration Block on the left and click "Settings". You should not have to modify the names or course ID numbers. The Summary is for the catalog description of the class.

Under this is a dropdown for "Format". Here you can change the format to "Weekly", set the number of weeks for the course and the start date. If you plan to have students working in groups you can enable that under the "Groups" dropdown. There are two choices here: "Separate Groups" can only access the work of those in their own group, while "Visible Groups" can see all the work that is being done in the class. You can of course see everyone's work regardless.

Tip: If most of the assignments in the course are not group assignments, then leave the groups mode at "No groups." You can always change this setting for specific assignments later.

If you are still setting up your course you can decide whether or not your students can access it or not using the "Availability' dropdown. Here you can also make your site available to visitors who are not enrolled in the class.

Make sure to hit "Save Changes" when you're done. When you return to your site you'll see it's now laid out in weekly content blocks

Getting Started: Turn Editing On and Off

Any time you wish to add or change content on your Moodle Page you must "Turn editing on". There are two places to do this on your page.

On the left-hand side in the "Administration" block is a link that says "Turn editing on".

On the upper right-hand side is a button that also says "Turn editing on".

Clicking either of these links will do the same thing. You will notice that there are many new options open to you. When you are finished simply click the links that now say "Turn editing off".

Getting Started: Editing Content Blocks

Editing the Header Block

The squares on your Moodle class page are called "Content Blocks", and most have similar attributes. Text at the top of a content block is called a "Summary". You can change the content of the summary by hitting the "Edit Summary" button, which is usually the first icon you see in a new content block. Note: The top content block of the course is called the "Header Block" but still has all the elements of a normal Content Block.

There are two drop-down menus on every content block: "Add a resource" allows you to create links to files and other information you want to convey to your students in your block; "Add an activity" allows you to create links to quizes and assignments in your block. See the individual entries of these resources and activities for more details.

When you add anything to a content block it will be added to the bottom. You can move the objects in your content block by selecting the up/down arrows on the item. This will display a number of boxes, which are locations you can move the item to. Click on the box where you want it to move.

In order to preview your page click on the "Switch role" drop-down menu and select "Student". This will show you what the page will look like to your students.

Getting Started: Uploading Files or Folders

The process for adding a file to Moodle is called "uploading" and is always the same regardless of what kind of file you are working with. This video will walk you through the process. Even though it is specifically about uploading a course syllabus, it holds true for all file uploads. Please refer to this video anytime you need help uploading a file.

Posting a Course Syllabus

You can upload any file type to Moodle to give your students access to handouts. In your content block click the "Add a Resource" drop-down menu and select "Link to a File or Website". Name the document and write a description. Where it says "Link to a file or website" click the "Choose or upload file" button. A new window will open with the Moodle file manager. Click the "Upload a file" button and then "Browse" to navigate through the hard drive to where you saved your file. Select the file, click the "Open" button and then "Upload this file". Finally click "Choose" next to the name of the file.

There are a few options that are useful for students. Under "Window" there is a checkbox for "Force Download". This will allow the file to be automatically downloaded onto the student's computer and displayed in a browser window when they click the link. Some web browsers do this automatically, but clicking this box will ensure that all students have the same experience when they use your page.

At the bottom of the window click "Save and return to course". You will see your file now appears in the content block. If this is your first file upload you will also notice that on the left hand "Activities" block there is now a link for "Resources". Here you will see all the resources for the course, listed under the Name you gave the file, with the Summary that you typed in when you uploaded it.

Managing Files and Folders

You can upload files individually, or you can upload multiple files or folders of files. To do this go to the Administration block on the left hand side and click the "Files" link, which will open up the File Manager. Here you will see all the files you have uploaded. To organize your files you can create folders. Click on the "Make a folder" button to create a series of folders to organize your files.

To upload files to a particular folder click on the link for that folder and click the "Upload a file" button and follow the same steps you used above. To go back to a previous folder click on the "Parent Folder" link. These files can be accessed by clicking on the "Resources" link on the left hand side of the main page, but you can also post them directly to your weekly content blocks.

To post an existing resource in a content block click "Add a resource" and select "Link to a file or website". Name and describe your resource and click "Choose or upload a file". when the file browser comes up you will see all the files you have uploaded so far. Navigate to the file you want to post, but do not click on the file name - that will cause the file to download to your computer. Instead click the "Choose" link to the right of the file name. Back at the File Browser don't forget to select Force Download before clicking the "Save and return to course" button. On the main Moodle page the file now appears in the weekly content block as a download link. It will also be available in the "Resources" page on the Activities block to the left.

Getting Started: Batch Uploading Files

Batch Upload Files
If you wish to upload many files at once to one location on Moodle you can put them together in a "batch" or archive. In Mac select all the files, right click on your mouse, and click on "Compress". On a PC select all the files, right click on your mouse, hit "Send To" and then click "Compressed Zip".

Back in Moodle click on "Files" in the lower left of the Administration block. Navigate to the folder you wish to save the files in. Click the "Upload a File" button and upload the zip file you created. Zip files will appear on the Moodle folder with an "unzip" command. Click unzip and Moodle will show you the name of all the files. Click OK and you will return to the folder view, where all the files have been unzipped and are visible.

When you unzip a folder it maintains any directory hierarchy within that folder. In other words if you zipped a folder that had sub-folders those would still be there when you unzipped it. Therefore if you want to organize your files the easiest thing to do would be to set up your folders the way you like them on your computer, then make a zip archive of the folder and upload it.

Getting Started: Posting Files in a Content Block

You can post any file you have uploaded into Moodle directly onto a content block. The following video uses an image file as an example, but this process is the same for audio, video, or any other file you may wish to display on a content block.

Posting Image Files
Click the "Add a resource" dropdown menu and select "Link to a file or web site". This will bring up a page that lets you name and add alt text to your link. Then click "Choose or upload a link", which will take you to a list of the files you have uploaded to Moodle. Navigate to the file you want to link to and click the word "Choose" next to the file. Choose whether you want the image to open in the same window or a different window and then click "save and display". This will show you the file you chose. When you go back to the course page you will see a link to the file within the content block.

Getting Started: Communicating News to Students

Communicating News to Students

In the upper right hand corner is the "Latest News" block. Here you can add new classroom information. Every time you add a new piece of news it can be emailed out to all students in that moodle class. Click on the "Latest News" link and it will take you to a text editor page. Type the message to your students, then scroll down to the bottom. If you want to just post it to your Moodle page click the "Post to forum" button. If you want to also email the news to your students then check the "Mail now" box before posting.

On your Moodle page the title of your new posting will appear in the Latest News block, along with the date it was posted. For your students to read the post they can either click the "more" link, or go to the "News Forum" link in the header block. The News Forum has all the news you have posted up to now.

Getting Started: Setting Up the Gradebook

Setting Up the Gradebook

Before adding Assignments it is necessary to set up your gradebook. If you wish to organize your assignments into categories you must establish those categories in the gradebook first.

In the Administration block on the left hand side click on "Grades". The gradebook will be set up with all your students already listed. To create new categories for grades go to the "Choose an action" dropdown and select "Categories and items". Then you can create the categories you will use for grading, such as exams, quizes, essays and so on. For each category you can decide how you will calculate the score. Click on the "Save Changes" button and you will see the category has been created.

Notice that each category has the same editing icons as the content blocks on the main page, meaning you can control where they appear on your grading page. Note also that you can create sub-categories within your gradebook by using the "Parent Category" dropdown on the Grade category page. These will appear under the parent category.

You can see how the gradebook looks by going to the "Choose an action" dropdown and selecting "Grader report". There you will see all your students and each grade category available. As you create new assignments they will appear here under the appropriate category.

Grade Aggregation
This determines how grades will be added together to produce the overall class grade. It is an important choice, but the options can be confusing. Here the arithmetic for each option is explained along with samples.

Mean of grades
This measures the percentage of points earned for each assignment. Each assignment has the same value as every other assignment, regardless of how many points it is worth.

#1 70/100 (C-), #2 20/80 (F), #3 10/10 (A), category max 100:
(0.7 + 0.25 + 1.0)/3 = 0.65 --> 65/100

Weighted mean
Each grade item can be given a weight, which is then used in the arithmetic mean aggregation to influence the importance of each item in the overall mean. Classroom points are not equal.

#1 70/100 weight 10, #2 20/80 weight 5, #3 10/10 weight 3, category max 100:
(0.7*10 + 0.25*5 + 1.0*3)/18 = 0.625 --> 62.5/100
Assignment #1 is twice as important as #2 and 3.3 times more important than #3.

Weighted Categories
In your gradebook you can weight Categories as well as individual grade items. For example let's say you want to set your gradebook up so that 10% of the grade is based on Attendance, 40% is on Tests, and 50% is on Essays. Set up a Category for each kind of assignment and set the Weighted Mean of each appropriately: Attendance 10.00, Tests 40.00 and Essays 50.00. Note that these numbers add up to 100.00, or 100%. No matter how many points you give on tests, they will only be worth 40% of the overall grade.

Simple weighted mean
The difference from Weighted mean is that weight is calculated as Maximum grade - Minimum grade for each item. 100 point assignment has weight 100, 10 point assignment has weight 10. Or, put simply, all classroom points are identical. Assignments worth more points are more valuable than those worth less. This increases the stakes for high-point assignments.
This is the easiest way to grade.

#1 70/100, #2 20/80, #3 10/10, category max 100:
(0.7*100 + 0.25*80 + 1.0*10)/190 = 0.526 --> 52.6/100

Mean of grades (with extra credits)
An old, now unsupported aggregation strategy provided here only for backward compatibility with old activities. Do not use.

Median of grades
The middle grade (or the mean of the two middle grades) when grades are arranged in order of size. The advantage over the mean is that it is not affected by outliers (grades which are uncommonly far from the mean).

#1 70/100, #2 20/80, #3 10/10, category max 100:
median(0.7 ; 0.25 ; 1.0) = 0.7 --> 70/100

Smallest grade
The result is the smallest grade after normalisation. It is usually used in combination with Aggregate only non-empty grades.

#1 70/100, #2 20/80, #3 10/10, category max 100:
min(0.7 ; 0.25 ; 1.0) = 0.25 --> 25/100

Highest grade
The result is the highest grade after normalisation.

#1 70/100, #2 20/80, #3 10/10, category max 100:
max(0.7 ; 0.25 ; 1.0) = 1.0 --> 100/100

Mode of grades
The mode is the grade that occurs the most frequently. It is more often used for non-numerical grades. The advantage over the mean is that it is not affected by outliers (grades which are uncommonly far from the mean). However it loses its meaning once there is more than one most frequently occurring grade (only one is kept), or when all the grades are different from each other.

#1 70/100, #2 35/50, #3 20/80, #4 10/10, #5 7/10 category max 100:
mode(0.7 ; 0.7 ; 0.25 ; 1.0 ; 0.7) = 0.7 --> 70/100

Sum of grades
The sum of all grade values. Scale grades are ignored. This is the only type that does not convert the grades to percentages internally (normalisation). The Maximum grade of associated category item is calculated automatically as a sum of maximums from all aggregated items.

#1 70/100, #2 20/80, #3 10/10:
70 + 20 + 10 = 100/190 (52.6% - same as "Simple Weighted Mean")

Getting Started: Contacting Your Students

There are two ways of contacting your students through Moodle. To use SSU e-mail through Moodle please go here. However Moodle has a built-in messaging system that is quick and easy to use.

Sending a Message through Moodle

The "People" block on the left hand side has a link for "Participants". This will take you to a list of your students. You can find individual students by first or last name using the alphabet list above. To send a message to all students you can hit the "Select all" button at the bottom of the page. To send a message to only some of your students you can select them by using the checkbox to the right of their name.

Then click on the "With selected users..." drop-down menu at the bottom of the page and select "Add/send message". This will bring up a text editor for you to write the body of your message. If you scroll to the bottom of the page you can still remove recipients at this time. Click the "Preview" button and it will show you what the message will look like. At that point you can click the "Send" button. Your message will show up as a pop-up window when the participant logs on to Moodle.

Note: In order to read this message students must log on to Moodle. To send an email to your students from your Moodle page please go here.

SSU Moodle has a simple "app" called "Quickmail" for sending e-mail to your students' SSU e-mail accounts. This may be preferable to sending a message through the built-in Moodle messaging system because students may not log into Moodle regularly. Setting up Quickmail on your Moodle class page is a simple 3-step process.

1. Turn Editing On
If you are unsure how to do this please see the demonstration here.

2. Add the Quickmail block
On the right-hand side of your Moodle page is a series of content blocks for News, Events and activities. You can add additional blocks by clicking on the "Add..." drop-down menu at the bottom. Select "Quickmail" and it will add a new block.


3. Turn Editing Off

Using Quickmail
Your Quickmail app is already configured to send email to any students enrolled in your Moodle course. Just click "Compose Email" and you will go to a Quickmail page. Select recipients of your email by selecting individual students and clicking "Add" or clicking "Add all" to send an email to everyone. Scroll down and you will have the option of adding Attachments to the email, and then writing the email itself in a basic HTML editor. For important messages you can elect to receive a receipt so that you know students received the email.

HTML Editor: Overview

HTML Editor Overview
The HTML Editor functions like most popular word processor programs. It uses icons that will be familiar to anyone that uses such programs. However there are some that may be unfamiliar or that are specific to the Moodle HTML Editor.

Sets the language of the text.

Clean Up Word HTML
If you save a MS Word document as an HTML website you can take the code, copy it and paste it into the Moodle HTML Editor. Then click on this button and it will get rid of any extraneous code that's been added to control the format of your document. However if you've already got your document the way you want it using Word just post that document to your students rather than adding this step.

Direction from Left to Right/Right to Left
The two buttons with the Paragraph symbol and the arrow allow you to change the direction that text flows. Though the default is from left to right, some languages are written from right to left.

Horizontal Rule
This creates a line across your page in order to create separation between sections.

This allows you to take a document that has many different sections, set an Anchor and name that section, then link to it from a different location and jump down to that section.

This allows you to create weblinks to other HTML documents.

This removes a link from your document.

Prevent Autolinking
Words that are listed in your Moodle glossary or database will "autolink" to those entries when they are written anywhere in Moodle. If you wish to prevent a word from linking to its glossary or database entry you may select it and use this command. For more information on "autolinking" see the entries on the glossary and database.

Insert Image
Allows you to add images you have saved as a file or those on the web to you page.

Insert Table
Allows you to add a table to your document.

Insert Smiley
Allows you to add emoticons to your document.

Insert Special Character
Allows you to add non-English or specialty characters to your document.

Search and Replace
Allows you to search your document for words or phrases and replace them with another.

Toggle HTML Source
This turns off the "WYSIWYG" (What You See Is What You Get) editor, displaying the HTML code and allowing you to directly code your web page. This comes in handy if you want to enter code from another source, like embedding YouTube videos.

Enlarge Editor
This opens the editor in a separate window so you can more easily see your page. It also give you an additional line of controls dealing with tables. Clicking this button again will minimize the page.

HTML Editor: Formatting Text

Formatting Text
This movie gives an example of how to format text in the HTML Editor and provide separation of important information in blocks of text. Simply put, formatting text is matter of selecting the text you wish to alter and selecting the formatting button you wish to apply to it.

HTML Editor: Creating Tables

Creating Tables
Tables are used for laying out and presenting data.

Insert Table
This button opens a pop-up screen that allows you to format the table you are inserting in the document.

  • Rows selects how many horizontal cells will be in your table.
  • Cols(Columns) selects how many vertical cells will be in your table.
  • Width select how wide the table will be in relation to your web page. The default is "100 Percent", meaning that the table will stretch across the entire web page. You can change this by altering the number in the Width box and the measurement in the drop down.
    • Pixels measure the size of the "dots" which make up the computer screen. For example screens used to be 640 pixels across. A 100 pixel table would take up over 15% of the screen (1/6th). Today's screens are often 1000-1500 pixels across. That same 100 pixel table would only take up 6-10% of the screen.
    • Ems are a general unit for measuring lengths used by professional web page designers. For most of the web pages created by teachers it is unnecessary.
  • Border Thickness determines the thickness of the line around the table.
  • Spacing is how close the cells are to one another
  • Padding is how much space is in between the cells

When each cell of the table are two sets of controls with three small buttons. Above the cell, the left and right arrows insert a new column before or after the existing column. The circled "X" button will delete the entire column. On the side of the cell the up and down arrows insert a new row before or after the existing column. The circled "X" button will delete the entire row.

Additional Table Commands
These are found when you click on the "Enlarge Editor" button.

Row Properties
You can align text vertically or horizontally within the cells. Clicking on the "Background" "FG (Fore Ground) Color" and "Border" will allow you to change the color of these.

Insert/Delete Row/Column
These function just like the arrow and circled "X" controls within the table.

HTML Editor: Creating Hyperlinks

Hyperlinks (or just "links") are what makes a web page different from any other kind of writing. A link connects one web page to another page or even a specific location within a page. If you want to direct your students to a new location on the internet or in Moodle, you can create a link to that location. An "external" link connects your Moodle page to the beginning of a different page. An "internal" link connects your page to a location inside another page.

Creating External Links
You can turn text in a webpage into a link to another web site. Select the text you wish to turn into a link and click the "Insert Web Link" button. Type or paste the URL of the website in the "URL" window. Add a "Title" to the link to provide Alt text for the link.
The "Target" drop down lets you select whether the new link will open in the same window or a new window. The advantage of the new page opening in a new window is that your Moodle page stays open. For most teacher-created sites it should be unnecessary to specify same frame.

Creating Internal Links

This video uses a table of contents as an example for using internal links. However there may be many reasons you wish students to access information within a page. Here are the simple steps for linking inside a Moodle page.

1. Create an Anchor
"Anchors" are specific locations within a web page that serve as destinations for hyperlinks. Anchors let you "jump to" any spot on your page.

Select the location on the page you wish to be the destination and click on the "Create Anchor" button on the HTML Editor. Good "landmarks" on your page are headings. Give a name to the anchor that makes sense with the destination. You must remember exactly what you named the link.

2. Create a link to your Anchor
Select the word you wish to serve as a link to the anchor and click the "Insert Web Link" button. The dropdown menu for Anchors has all the internal links that were just created for that page. Select the anchor link you want and click "OK". When you save the page clicking the link will cause the screen to jump down to the anchor location

Creating Anchor Links to Different Pages
The "Insert Web Link" button will only show anchors for the page it is currently on. If you wish to create a link to an anchor on a different page simply make a temporary link to that location using the process above. When you save the page right click on the temporary link and select "Copy link location". Go to the page you wish to create your link on and click "Insert Web Link". Under URL paste the location to the anchor link and click "OK".

Linking to a Google Search

You can set up a custom link to a specific search in Google Scholar, a website that specifically searches scholarly texts and journals. When you search on Google Scholar it shows you all the documents that have your search string. There is a link to "Recent Articles" which will only show you articles since the year you set at the search window at the top.

All the search parameters are listed in the URL of the search. You can copy that URL and paste it into a Moodle link. The advantage is that this link will always be up to date, so your Moodle site will remain up to date.

HTML Editor: Inserting Pictures or Internet Video

One advantage of a web page is that it is easy to add images or internet video to it. Move your cursor to the spot on your page where you wish to add the item and follow the steps below.

Inserting Local Pictures with HTML
To add an image to your web page click on the "Insert Image" button. This will take you to the Insert Image window. In the File Browser section you can select a local image from within the Moodle site for your webpage. If the image is not on the Moodle site yet you can upload it from your own source (see the tutorial on Uploading files). Clicking on the link to the image will preview the image on the right and fill out the "Image URL" at the top. Make sure to fill in the "Alternative (Alt) Text", which is what will show if the browser does not have images displayed. Border thickness and Spacing can be changed manually, and are measured in pixels.

Inserting Images from Flickr (or any other web picture source)
The process is the same as above, except that you must paste the URL of the picture in the "Image URL" section. Note that there may be copyright restrictions on online images.

Inserting Video from YouTube (or any other web video source)
This video uses YouTube as an example, but there are many other online video sites, including TeacherTube, which is a video site exclusively for uploading education-based videos.

When you find an internet video you want to use go to the video's page and find the section called "Embed". There will be a long list of HTML code here. Highlight and copy this code and return to your Moodle page. Click on the "Toggle HTML Source" button and paste the embed code into your document. Do not change the code. Click the toggle button again. The video will not be visible to you in the HTML editor until the page refreshes.

Resources: Creating a Content Block Label

Creating a Label

Labels can be added to content blocks to provide organization. When you create a label it will be added to the bottom of the content block, like everything else. You can move it to the top by selecting the up or down arrows. This will give you a choice of the locations you can move the label to. Click on the box where you want to move the label.

Remember you can preview your page by changing the dropdown menu "Switch role" to "Student".

Resources: Creating a Text Page

Creating a Text Page
Text pages function like HTML pages, except they have no editing buttons above the text editor. You can use HTML code on a text page by using the "Format" drop down menu.

Moodle Auto-Format is a combination of plain text and HTML. If you to type in HTML while you type a document, such as a URL, that code will be active on the page.
HTML format allows you to type in raw HTML code and that code will be executed.
Plain Text Format will not execute any code. You could use such a page to describe how to do something in HTML without risking the code being executed.
Markdown Format is a completely different way of marking up your text and is not covered in this movie.

Resources: Creating a Web Page

Create a Web Page
This movie gives a good idea of what's possible with the HTML editor inside Moodle. Watching it will give you some good ideas for presenting content to your students. For details on the parts of the HTML Editor please go here.

Resources: Linking to a Folder of Documents

Linking to a Folder of Documents
If you have a group of resources you wish to share, like several articles, there are a few ways you can do it. If the resources are together in a zip file you can simply upload that file and link to it in your content block. That way students can download the zip file and unzip it on their computer.

Another option is to unzip that content into a folder, also called a "Directory" in the "Files" section of Moodle and link to that directory. In your content block use the "Add a Resource" drop down menu to select "Display a Directory". This brings up the "Adding a new Resource" page. The "Display a directory" drop down menu will display all the directories and "directory trees" (a list of folders and sub-folders) currently available on your Moodle site. Select the directory where you saved the resources and click "Save and return to course".

When you click on the link in the content block it will take you to a list of those resources that students can access.

Assignments: Overview

Assignments Overview
Assignments are a specific kind of Activity. Any time you want students to hand in something you can set up an Assignment in Moodle. Make sure you have set up your grade book before doing this. You already set up Categories within the gradebook. As assignments are created they will be automatically added to the appropriate categories.

When you create an assignment it will be visible to students even if it is not yet available for them to turn in. If you want to keep an assignment hidden from students you can click the Hide (eyeball) icon next to the assignment. The assignment will appear grey on your teacher Moodle page, but will not be visible at all to students.

You add Assignments using the "Add an Activity" drop down menu. There are currently 4 kinds of assignments: Online text; Uploading a single file; Advanced uploading of files; and Offline activity. When you select what kind of assignment you want this will bring up the "Adding a new Assignment" page.

The first section is called "General" and is always the same for every assignment:

  • Assignment Name & Description: These are the same as you have seen on numerous screens.

  • Grade: allows you to choose a number of points from 1 to 100, or no points at all. You can also choose to use a grading scale.

  • Available from: lets you choose at what date and time the assignment appears in the content block so that students can turn it in. Time is set to the 24 hour military clock. If this is disabled the assignment will appear in the content block immediately.

  • Due date: lets you choose at what point the assignment is due.

  • Prevent late submissions: Students visiting the assignment page after the due date and time will receive the following message: "No further submissions are allowed."

The last section is called "Common module settings" and is also the same for every assignment:

  • Group Mode: if students are working in groups you can set this to allow them to turn in their assignments in groups.
  • Visible: This determines whether or not students can see this assignment when it is saved. "Show" makes the assignment visible, and "Hide" will make it invisible. You can change this setting in the content block so long as you have Editing on.
  • ID Number: You can set a specific number that will be associated with this assignement in the gradebook.
  • Grade Category: Clicking the drop down menu will reveal the categories you established when you set up your gradebook. If you choose a category for the assignment it will appear under that category on your gradebook.

The middle section is named after the particular assignment type and has specific options depending on the assignment. Some assignments have the same options so they are all described here. The options available for a particular assignment type will be listed under that assignment.

  • Allow deleting: You can set whether or not you want students to be able to delete the files they upload.
    • If you choose "Yes" then students will be able to delete their uploaded file by clicking the link for the assignment and clicking the red "X" next to their file name.
    • If you choose "No" then the assignment page will function as a "drop box", where students are unable to delete the file once it is turned in.
    • At the bottom of the assignment page is a box labeled "Send for marking". This will send the assignment to the instructor regardless of whether or not the due date has passed. When the student clicks this button a message will come up.
      • "Once the assignment is sent for marking, you will no longer be able to delete or attach file(s). Do you want to continue? Yes? No?"
      • If they click "No" it will return them to the same assignment page.
      • If they click "Yes" it will return them to the assignment page, but the red "X" to delete the file will be gone and the message at the bottom will now read, "Assignment was already submitted for marking and can not be updated."

  • Allow notes: Lets students add additional information for you as part of the upload process. When they go to the assignment page there will be a section marked "Notes" under the upload button. Clicking the "Edit" button will bring up an HTML editor that will allow them to add whatever notes to you they wish for that assignment. These notes will appear on the Assignment page for that student. Notes can be edited until the due date or until they click the "Send for marking" button.
  • Allow resubmitting: This allows students to resubmit an assignment after it has been graded.
  • Comment inline: When you grade an assignment you can give feedback to the student. Selecting "Yes" for this option will automatically copy the student's submission into your feedback. That way you can make comments (using another color or font will make your comments more visible) or even rewrite their submission.
  • Email alerts to teachers: You may elect to receive an email every time an assignment is turned in. If you choose "Yes" then an email will be sent to your inbox when students upload an assignment. If you choose "No" you will not be notified when assignements are uploaded. Note that this will tend to fill up your email inbox.
  • Enable Send for marking: Puts a button on the bottom of the assignment page called "Send for marking", which tells you that they have finished working on an assignment. Hide description before available date: Even though your assignment is visible to your students you may wish to keep the details of the assignment invisible until it becomes available to students. If you select "No" then both the assignment name and the description will be visible to students. If you select "Yes" then students will be able to see the assignemt, but if they click on it they will see the following: "Sorry, this assignment is not yet available. Assignment instructions will be displayed here on the date given below."
  • Maximum number of uploaded files: You may limit student file uploads to a number between 1 and 20.
  • Maximum Size: allows you to set the largest file size that students can upload. This is determined by your Moodle server's configuration.

Assignments: Online Text

Online Text
Students clicking this assignment link will find a text field under the assignment description that allows them to write whatever you have asked them to directly into Moodle. When they click "Save Changes" it will post the text to Moodle. Students will not be able to attach any documents.

Assignment Options
Allow Resubmitting
Comment Inline
Email Alerts for Teachers

Assignments: Uploading a Single File

Uploading a single file
This assignment is designed to allow students to upload one file.

Assignment Options
Allow Resubmitting
Email Alerts for Teachers
Maximum Size

Assignments: Advanced Uploading of Files

Assignments: Offline Activity

Offline Activity
An Offline Activity is anything that needs to be graded but is not being turned in through Moodle. Set this assignment up as you would any other, but note that there are no special options for it.

Activity: Creating a Live Chat Room

Creating a Live Chat Room
You can set up a chat room that will allow your students to communicate with one another, with you, or even with an outside individual that is not a part of the class. Click "Add and Activity" and select "Chat". Name and describe your chat room and decide which options you wish to choose:

  • Next chat time: set the date and time the chat will be active
  • Repeat sessions: If live chats will occur frequently you can set them to occur at the same time every day or every week. There seems to be little difference between "Don't publish any chat times" and "No repeats".
  • Save past sessions: You can choose how long you would like Moodle to keep a record of the chat session.
  • Everyone can view past sessions: If you want the students to be able to review a log of the chat session click "Yes".
  • Group Mode: Setting to "No Groups" means that everyone can participate. Observation: he doesn't specify what happens if you select a group mode. Does that mean peopel would only be able to see other group member's chats? Or that only one member of the group could chat?

When the student clicks the chat activity in the content block a window will open up with two options:

  • Click here to enter the chat now: this opens a new window that shows you and all the participants in that specific chat activity on a frame to the right, and everyone's messages in a frame to the left.
  • (Version without frames and JavaScript): This opens a much simpler chat window that lists the participants on the top, a message section in the middle, and a running list of the messages at the bottom. Use this only if your browser does not support frames or JavaScript.

Activity: Creating a Choice

Creating a Choice
This activity will create a series of choices that students can indicate by clicking on the button above a particular choice. You can view these choices and even set it to publish the results to your students.

Click "Add an activity", select "Choice", and then name and describe the choice. If students can only choose one item in your list of choices then Enable "Limit the number of responses allowed". Type in one item in the choice windows. Note that you will be unable to change "Limit" unless you enabled it above. If you need more choices you may add more fields. When you have identified your choices you may add options to the choice activity:

  • Restrict answering to this time period: you can limit the time the choice is open to students and when it closes.
  • Display Mode: choices can display horizontally, choices side by side with the button on top, or vertically, choices one on top of the other with the buttons on the left.
  • Publish results: you can choose to not publish results to students, or to show them results after a particular point.
  • Privacy of results: If you decide to publish results you can choose whether to show the choices of individual students, in which case the results will appear in a table underneath the choice, or to publish them anonymously.

Database: Setting Up a Database

Setting Up a Simple Database
Building a database is a multi-step process. To begin click "Add an activity" and select "Database". Name and describe the database and decide when it will be available and viewable by students. Then decide how you want students to interact with the database using the options below:

  • Required Entries: You can choose how many entries each student must enter. Each time they do so Moodle will remind them how many entries they have left. Setting to "None" will allow students to continue to add to the database for as long as they want to.
  • Entries required before viewing: You can choose how many entries students must enter before they are able to view the database. Setting to "None" will ensure that students can always see the entries so that they do not duplicate an item.
  • Maximum Entries: You can set how many entries students can make.
  • Comments: This allows other students to make additional notes on an entry.
  • Require Approval: If you wish to view an entry before it becomes part of the database you can set this to "Yes".
  • Allow posts to be rated? If you wish to grade the entries set this to "Yes".
  • Grade: Select how many points each entry is worth.

Database: Creating Database Fields

Creating Database Fields
Data Fields are the places where students will enter the data that will be stored in Moodle. Inside your database you will see a number of tabs. Select the "Fields" tab. Click on the drop down menu for "Create a new field" and select "Text". Name and describe the field and click add. The Fields tab now has a table listing the name, type and description of the field just added.

  • Autolinking: When this word appears anywhere in your Moodle course it will appear as a hyperlink which will lead back to this database entry.
  • Default Sort Field: This allows you to select how data will be organized when someone views the database as a whole. You can choose to organize data according to the time it was added, or by specific fields. You can also choose whether the data is viewed in Ascending or Descending order.

Database: Customizing a Database Template

Customizing a Database Template
Now that you have the database and the datafields you must set up the template for how the data will display. While inside your database click on the "Templates" tab. A default template is created automatically which shows a table with the field name as a "descriptor" for the data fields and the fields themselves. You can format how the data will display by modifying the template. For example if you want the data to be italicised, put the name of the data field in italics. You can also change the name of the descriptors from their field name to anything else you would like.

Database: Entering Data Into the Database

Entering Data Into the Database
Inside the database click on the tab for "Add entry". Moodle creates a data entry form with the original field names and a blank data field box to fill in. When the fields are full click one of the "Save" buttons. Click on the "View list" tab to see all the data forms displayed alphabetically by the first field name. Click on the "View Single" tab to view the entries one at a time. Note that "View List" will show the actual field names, while "View Single" will show the modified descriptor.

Database: Enhancing a Database with File Uploads

Enhancing a Database with File Uploads
You can add more functionality to your database after it has been created, like allowing students to upload to the individual entries. From within the database click the "Fields" tab and then the "Create a new field" dropdown. Select "File" then name and describe what you want them to be able to upload and click "Add". If you go to the "Templates" tab you will see that a data type with the name you gave it is at the bottom.

When students go to the "Add" tab they will see a file upload window in addition to the other data fields.

Glossary: Creating a Main Glossary

Creating a Main Glossary
Moodle has a built in glossary activity. A good location for this is in the header block, so that it will be available to students throughout the term. Click the "Add an activity" drop-down menu and select "Glossary". Name and describe the glossary, then select the options you wish to use.

  • Entries shown per page: Decide how many entries you wish to display on each page. Remember that cluttered is not good.
  • Glossary type: there are two types of glossaries. Each course can have only one "Main glossary", but it can have many "Secondary glossaries".
  • Duplicate entries allowed: you may wish to allow different students to write their own definitions for a word. If not set this to "no".
  • Allow comments on entries: allows students to add updates to the entry. This could allow students to participate in developing material for your course without having multiple entries for a word. Students click on the "Add comment" word balloon in the right corner of the entry
  • Allow print view: this will allow students to print out the entire glossary.
  • Automatically link glossary entries: this will autolink words in your glossary to any instance of that word in your Moodle site.
  • Approved by default: if set to "Yes" this allows you to decide what content other people can enter into the glossary. If you are the only one entering entries in the glossary you can set this to "No".
  • Display format: there are many different ways of displaying data in the glossary. The default is "simple, dictionary style".
  • Show "Special" link:
  • Show alphabet:
  • Show "All" link:
  • Edit always: if set to "Yes" this allows others to edit your entries in the glossary.

This section allows you to grade the glossary entries made by students.

  • Allow entries to be rated?: if you wish to grade these entries check this box
  • Users: this allows you to select who will be able to grade entries, either just you or everyone.
  • Grade: you can select what kind of grading you want from this dropdown menu

Glossary: Adding Concepts to the Glossary

Adding Concepts to the Glossary
When you are inside the glossary you can click the "Add a new entry" button, which takes you to an HTML editor page. The "Concept" entry is the term to be defined. "Definition" is where you write what you want people to know about the concept. Note that you can use all the HTML available on other pages.

  • Categories: if you have categories set up you can select which category applies here
  • Keyword(s):
  • Attachment: if you wanted to attach a file to the definition.

Anytime this term shows up anywhere inside your moodle course it will be hyperlinked back to this definition.

  • This entry should be automatically linked: check this to turn autolinking on
  • This entry is case sensitive: check this if you want to only autolink if the capitalization of the word in the Moodle course matches the concept
  • Match whole words only: check this if you want to make sure that the autolink matches the entire concept.

Glossary: Enabling Students to Edit a Glossary

Enabling Students to Edit a Glossary
Students are usually unable to edit glossaries. In order to give them permission to do so click the "Update this glossary" button in the upper left hand corner, which will take you back to the settings screen. click on the "Locally assigned roles" tab at the top and then the "Non-editing teacher" link. Select the students you wish to be able to edit the glossary and click the "Add" button. The students will be promoted to non-editing teachers for the glossary, making them able to add and edit entries to the glossary but nowhere else.

Glossary: Creating a Secondary Glossary

Creating a Secondary Glossary
You can use a secondary glossary anytime you want to organize a specific knowledge base alphabetically. Think of this as a custom database with only 2 datafields. However it is much easier to set up a glossary.

Forum: Creating a Forum

Creating a Forum
Forums are threaded discussion boards where users can post messages, notes, or upload files, then other users can go in and respond to that post. Click the "Add an activity" dropdown menu and select "Forum". Name your forum, then choose your settings.

Forum type

  • Single simple discussion: the first person to post sets the topic of discussion and other users are only allowed to respond to that initial post.
  • Each person posts one discussion: every user in class must post an initial question before they can respond to other people's questions.
  • Q and A forum: you post a question and then other students can answer it
  • Standard forum for general use: every user in class is allowed to post an initial question and then respond to other people's questions.

Force everyone to be subscribed?

  • No: students are not enrolled in the forum but can opt in at a later date
  • Yes, forever: every student will be enrolled in the forum so that they can see and interact with the discussion board and all postings
  • Yes, initially: every student will be enrolled, but can opt out at a later date
  • Subscriptions not allowed

Read tracking for this forum?
Students can decide whether they wish to track which messages are read or unread in the forum


  • Aggregate type: you can decide whether to grade the forum entries or not

Post Threshold for Blocking
You can set when students are no longer able to post to this forum and for how long

  • Time period for blocking: Sets the delay for posting to the forum once the post threshold has been reached. After this time the values below reset. The default is "Don't block", meaning students can come back at any time and post.
  • Post threshold for blocking: sets the number of times a student can post before they are blocked for the above time period.
  • Post threshold for warning: sets the number of times a student can post before they are warned that they are approaching the post threshold.

When you are finished hit one of the "Save" buttons.

Forum: Advanced Forums

Advanced Forums
You will notice in the "Add an activity" drop-down menu a selection for "Advanced Forum". These are nearly identical to normal forums with a few exceptions.

Regular forums can only be graded by using the "Rating" drop-down menu in each forum entry. When creating an Advance Forum, however, you can select Manual Grading, which will enable you to grade a forum entry manually when you view the Grader Report and "Turn Editing On".

Other Differences

  • Enable Anonymous Posting: When this is selected forum posts will not identify the author. However if the anonymous setting is turned off by the teacher all names become visible once more.
  • You can allow students to upload multiple files instead of just one
  • There are options for sorting, printing and exporting available on the forum display page that are not available for regular forums.
However these options are often unnecessary.

Forum: Using a Discussion Forum

Using a Discussion Forum
In order to respond to the forum, click on the link to that forum and hit "Reply". This opens a standard HTML window. The subject line for the reply is filled in automation with "re(ply):" and the title of the post. You can erase that and create a new title if you wish. You can also upload a file if you wish. When you are finished click the "Post to forum" button.

Wiki: Creating a Wiki

Creating a Wiki
A wiki is a website that is collaboratively created by you and your students. To create a wiki click "Add an activity" and select "Wiki". The link for this will be created in whatever content block you choose, so if this is a link you will want them to go to frequently it may be best to create it in the Header block of your Moodle page. It will also create a "Wiki" link in your Activities block on the left.

Name and describe your wiki then hit the "Show Advanced" button to set up all the parameters for setting up your wiki.


  • Groups: every member of the class is part of the group and can contribute to the wiki.
  • Students: every student has their own wiki they can create
  • Teacher: the teacher has their own wiki they can create

Print wiki name on every page: selecting "Yes" is helpful because students will have a reference point inside the wiki to know where they're at.


  • No HTML: you may only use standard Wiki mark up (see later lessons)
  • Safe HTML: you can intermix Wiki mark up with some HTML if you know it
  • HTML only: you cannot use Wiki mark up

Allow binary files: if you want you students to be able to upload and link to files they are creating inside the wiki set this to "Yes"

Wiki auto-linking options: CamelCase means that each word is capitalized but there is no space between the words. Anytime you want to create a link inside the wiki just write the name of the link as a CamelCase word and the wiki will automatically create a link to that page. This can cause problems if you are linking to outside websites that use a combination of upper and lowercase letters in their URLs. To make sure these links work properly all the time check the box to disable this feature.

Student admin functions
Allow 'set page flags':

Page name: You can name your wiki whatever you like

Choose an initial page: you may want to link the first page of the wiki to another HTML page. If you leave this blank Moodle will create an initial page for you.

Group mode: like other Moodle pages, you can allow/require students to work in groups you assign. You can do this now or separate the wiki out into groups at a later time.

Wiki: Editing Basics

Wiki Editing Basics
There are a number of tabs in the wiki editor.

  • View: shows the wiki pages as they have been created
  • Edit: allows you to change the wiki pages
  • Links: shows you all the links available on the current page you are at
  • History: gives you a detailed history of all the edits that have occured on this page. This also identifies who made the changes. This also allows you to restore a wiki page to a previous version.
  • Attachments: Allows you to upload attachments and lists any attachments already uploaded.

To create content click on the wiki link. If this is a new page the "View" and "Edit" tabs will both look the same. When you enter content you can click on "Preview" to see what it looks like, and "Save" to save it.

Referring Link: at the bottom of the page is a link back to the page which linked to the current page. Only the initial page does not have a link like this.

These are the commands for formatting within the wiki:

!!! = Heading 1
!! = Heading 2
! = Heading 3

New Page
[new page] = words in brackets will create a link to a new page. When you click the "Save" button the word will NOT be a link yet. Instead it will have a question mark at the end that IS a link. Clicking the question mark link will take you to the new page. Because there is no content in the page yet the "View" and "Edit" tabs will both look the same.

Creating a List
*List Item = Bulleted list
**sublist item = an item under the main bullet
#List Item = Numerical list

Text Format
''italics'' = puts the words in italics (note: those are 2 single quotes)
**bold** or __bold__ (two underscores)
##font## = increase the font size
==type== = a typewriter font

[URL] = creates a link to online content. If this is a direct link to an image then the image will appear on the screen.
[Link Text|URL] = creates a link to online content that will appear as the words typed into "Link Text". Note: the vertical line is called a "Pipe" character, and is usually found above the return key.

Wiki: Subdividing a Class Wiki

Subdividing a Class Wiki
On the main wiki page you can create a new page for each group. If you have selected "Groups" under "Wiki Type" then every student will still be able to edit these pages, but it will separate them and give them their own page structure. Let's assume for example you create a page called "Group 1". Every new page created from this page will link back to the "Group 1" page, not to the initial page. That way your groups can create their own section of the wiki, but other groups can still access, view, and if need be edit those pages.

Wiki: Adding Attachments and Images

Adding Attachments and Images
Click on the "Attachments" tab and then the "Browse" button. Select the file you want to upload and click the Open button. Click the "File Upload" button and the file is uploaded to your wiki. When you view the page there will be a large link that says "This page has attachments." Clicking on that link will take you to the attachments page, where the file is available as a link. You can either view or download the file from here.

To display images on a page use the same process. On the image link right click and select "Copy link location". This will save the URL of the image to your clipboard. Then use the process for creating a link by writing a left bracket, typing Cntl-V to paste the URL, and then a right bracket. [URL]

Wiki: Creating a Table

Creating a Table
A table is laid out in vertical columns and horizontal rows. To create a table within a Moodle wiki type the Pipe character | and the content for the first cell. Type a space, another Pipe character, space, and the content of the next cell. Continue this for every cell in your table, then finish with another Pipe character. It should look like this.

|Cell1 | Cell2 | Cell3 | Cell4 |

To enter content in the rows beneath the columns start with a Pipe, type the content, a space, and another pipe. Make sure there are a number of Pipe characters equal to those in the first row. Note: there may be an extra box at the end of the table when you preview it but this will fix itself when you save it.

Assessment: Online Assessment Overview

Online Assessment Overview
Moodle has an activity called "Quiz" that can be used to assess student performance. Before setting up a test you must set up a test pool of questions that will feed into the quizzes. On the left side in the Administration block there is a link called "Questions". You first create the categories for the questions and then the questions themselves. Although you can easily replicate your paper quizzes, the online nature of these tests opens up some new possibilities.

Assessment: Creating Question Pool Categories

Creating Question Pool Categories
Go to the "Categories" tab. You start with a default category which uses the course name. Using "Add Category" you can add categories of tests which will appear as sub-categories under the category in the "Parent" drop down menu. To create further sub-categories select the category you wish it to appear under in the parent menu. You can edit the categories, move them around, or delete them using the icons beside the category name.
Deleting a Category with Sub-Categories: If this happens the Sub-categories are not deleted and instead become regular categories. They can become new sub-categories using the movement arrows.

Assessment: Creating a Question

Creating a First Question
Go to the "Questions" tab and select the category you wish the question to appear in using the "Category" drop-down menu. Click the "Choose new question" drop-down menu and you will see all the different kinds of questions available. Selecting your question type takes you to the "Adding a question" page. Here you can reselect the category of the question if you wish. Fill in the "Question name" box with a name you will remember. Write your question in the "Question Text" box. Any HTML you write in this box will be activated.

Question Options
Every question type has different options available. All questions have the following options:

  • Image to Display: this dropdown will show you any image that has been uploaded into your course and will allow you to add the image to your question. The image will appear under the question text.
  • Default question grade: you can set how many points the question is worth.
  • Penalty factor: if the students answers the question wrong they will be penalized some value of points. You can specify what fraction of the score should be subtracted for each wrong response. This is only relevant if the quiz is run in adaptive mode so that the student is allowed to make repeated responses to the question. The penalty factor should be a number between 0 and 1. A penalty factor of 1 means that the student has to get the answer right in his first response to get any credit for it at all. A penalty factor of 0 means the student can try as often as he likes and still get the full marks.
  • General Feedback: Question general feedback is some text that gets shown to the student after they have attempted the question. Unlike feedback, which depends on the question type and what response the student gave, the same general feedback text is shown to all students.
  • Feedback for the Response: this allows you to give the student a message when they choose a particular answer.
  • Correct Answer: This lets you choose what is the correct answer for a question.

Because some of the options are unavailable on particular questions they are all listed here.

Answer/Choice #: Here you can enter details for a particular answer

  • Answer: this displays the text students will see for a particular answer. You can set this up as a hotlink by creating a link in the Feedback text editor, clicking on "Toggle HTML source", copying the code for the link and pasting it into the Answer box. Don't forget to toggle back to the Wysiwyg view and erase the link.
  • Grade: If this is not the correct answer you can set the drop-down menu to "none". If it is the correct answer set the drop-down menu to "100%". You can give partial credit for a response that is nearly correct by changing the percentage of points awarded for a particular answer.
  • Feedback: This message displays when the answer is selected.

Number the choices?: You can choose what kind of numbering you want for multiple choice questions: abc, ABC, 123 or "No Numbering".

One or multiple answers: this gives you two options: "multiple answers are allowed" or "one answer only"

Shuffle the Choices?: clicking this option will make the answer order different every time the question is viewed. This is especially helpful if students are sitting next to each other and can see the questions.

When you select "Save Changes" the screen will return to the "Question Bank". You can view the question you just entered by selecting the Category from the drop down. This will also tell you how many questions are in a particular category. You can view the text of a question by clicking on the "Preview" magnifying glass icon. This pops open a new window with the question you created and the answers you provided. When you click on an answer it will be marked either right or wrong and the appropriate feedback message will pop up.

Note: if you use words in the question that you have placed in your Glossary, they will automatically appear as links in your question, which will take students to that word's entry in the glossary. If you do not want this feature you may select the word in the "Editing a Question" screen and click on the "Prevent automatic linking" icon (it looks like a chain link with a red "X" through it).

Assessment: Creating Different Questions

There is and instructional video for each different test type. However much of the information is repetitive. Each section below summarizes the important features of each question type and links to definitions of common test features.

Creating True/False Questions

  • "Penalty Factor" is always set to 1, because the question is either right or wrong.

Creating Multiple Choice Questions
These questions include the following options:

Creating Short Answer Questions
This question allows students to type in an answer and compare that answer to a list of possible answers that you have entered in previously. The question has the following options:

  • Case Sensitivity: you can decide whether or not Moodle pays attention to capitalization in the answers written. If you select "Yes" then students musts use capitalization correctly. If you select "No" then Moodle will not pay attention to capitalization. You can give partial credit if words are incorrectly capitalized by selecting "Yes" and then setting the value of the grade lower for the uncapitalized option.

If students misspell an answer it will be marked as wrong in Moodle. However it will store the answers so that you can go back and manually award partial credit if you choose to.

Creating Essay Questions
This question allows students to write their answers directly into a standard HTML editor screen. However, due to the vagaries of internet connections, students are strongly advised to write their essay in a word-processor program and then paste it into the HTML editor. Otherwise they risk losing their work if they lose the interenet connection. It may be helpful to suggest this to your students at the bottom of your essay question.

Essay questions are not graded by Moodle. Moodle will store the student's answer until a teacher grades it manually and applies a grade. Note that there is no Penalty Factor for this reason.

Create Match Questions
Students are presented with a series of questions. Each question has a drop-down menu with multiple answers they can choose. You can use text, audio, video or images in your question, but can only use text in your answers.

Note that the "Image to display" option will show one image in the main question. If you want to post an image for each question in the matching section you can use the "Insert Image" button on the HTML editor.

  • Shuffle: This will shuffle both the order of the questions and the order of the answers in the drop-down menu.
  • Question #: Write your questions here. Note that the question box has no editing options. If you want to [LINK TO Moodle Blog 16: Inserting Pictures or Internet Video] add audio, video or images in your question the easiest thing to do would be to compose the question in the "Feedback" box above the questions, click the "Toggle HTML Source" button, cut the HTML code out and paste it into the question box. Any HTML code in the question box will be active.
  • Answer: Type in the answer to each question. Note that you can have more answers than you have questions by just typing in answers without corresponding questions. These answers will appear in the drop-down menu along with the correct answers.

Creating Numerical Questions
These are very similar to short answer questions, allowing students to fill in their answer in a blank. The difference is you can set a range of numbers that will be accepted.

  • Answer: List the numeric value for the correct answer here. If there is a range of numbers that are correct set this number as the middle of that range.
  • Accepted Error: Once you have a middle number set this as the amount either above or below the number listed in Answer.
    • Example: The correct range of the answer is between 20 and 30. Set your "Answer" to 25, the number at the middle of that range. Set your "Accepted Error" to 5, so that the correct number will be a range of between 5 more and 5 less than the "Answer" number.
  • Unit #: These are not described in the video

Note that even though the answers allow a range of numbers, you cannot type in an actual range, such as "20-30".

Assessment: Creating a Quiz

Creating a Quiz

In the appropriate content block click the "Add an activity" drop-down menu and select "Quiz". After naming the exam you can write an Introduction in the appropriate text box. The following options are available:


  • Open/Close the quiz: decide when the quiz will become available to students and its due date and time.
  • Time limit (minutes): If you check the box to "enable" you can set the number of minutes students have to complete the exam
  • Time delay: If you want to allow students to have multiple attempts at this quiz you can set this so they have to wait a certain amount of time before taking it again.


  • Questions per page: Unlimited - the test will appear as one long screen which students can scroll through and answer. # - decide how many questions appear on the screen
  • Shuffle Questions: No - questions will appear in a set order. Yes - Questions will appear in a random order. May be useful if students are all sitting close together.
  • Shuffle within Questions: displays the answers in random order


  • Attempts Allowed: select how many times students may attempt the test
  • Each attempt builds on the last: If multiple attempts are allowed and this setting is set to Yes, then each new attempt contains the results of the previous attempt. This allows a quiz to be completed over several attempts. If this setting is st to No each new attempt wipes out the previous grade and only the new answers are carried forward.
  • Adaptive Mode: If students get a question wrong they can attempt it again at that time. Penalty factors will be applied for each wrong answer.


  • Grading Method
    • Highest Grade: if students have multiple attempts then the test with the highest grade will be assigned in the grade book.
    • Average Grade: grades from all the attempts the student makes will be averaged together
    • First Attempt: only the students first attempt at the test will be entered into the grade book. All other attempts will be considered practice.
    • Last Attempt: only the students last attempt at the test will be entered
  • Apply Penalties: decide whether or not to apply penalties for wrong answers
  • Decimal Digits in Grades: The number of decimal places the grades will be calculated out to rounded to the nearest integer

Review Options

  • This allows you to set when students will see the Feedback from each question.


  • Show quiz in a "Secure" window: This will allow you to display the quiz in a full-screen window that deactivates certain keyboard and mouse commands.
  • Require Password: you can set the quiz to only open on a particular password, which you can keep until you are ready for students to take the quiz. The "unmask" option will toggle whether or not the password is visible while it is being typed
  • Require Network Address: you can set specific computers as the only machines that can access the test

Common Module Settings

  • Group Mode: setting this to "No Groups" will allow all students to take the quiz
  • Grade Category: set this to "exams"

Overall Feedback

  • Allows you to give specific feedback for a range of outcomes for the exam.

Hit "Save and return to course" and you will see the quiz in the appropriate content block.
Clicking on the test will take you to the "Question Bank" where you can now add questions into your quiz.

Assessment: Adding Questions to a Quiz

Adding Questions to a Quiz

Once you are inside your quiz hit the "Edit" tab. Choose the category for the questions you want from the "Category" drop-down menu. To add an individual question to the quiz click on the "Add to quiz" box with the double arrows. To add multiple questions from one category check the box next to all the questions you want to add and click on the button "Add to quiz" at the bottom of the screen. That adds all the questions you selected to the quiz.

There are some options in ordering the questions in the quiz:

  • Move Arrows: You can control the order in which the questions appear using the up and down arrow keys on the left of the question.
  • Grade: You can control the grade value for each question and set the maximum grade available for the quiz.
  • Page Breaks: You can automatically alter the number of questions per page by checking "Show Page Breaks" and hitting "Repaginate with # questions per page"
  • Reorder: you can completely reorder the questions and page breaks manually using these settings

When you have set up your quiz as you like it click on the "Preview" tab to see how your test will look to your students. Test out each question of the test to make sure it works the way you want it to. When you are finished click "Submit all and finish". Notice that a warning comes up, which is identical to what your students will receive.

A quiz review page will appear giving the grade, among other things. If there were any essay questions in the quiz the grade will show that as a missing answer (IE: 7 out of a maximum of 8)

Grades: Grading an Assignment

Grading an Assignment

In order to grade assignments go to the Administration block and click "Grades". Here you will see all of your students for that class, the Categories you set up at the beginning of class, and the Assignments under each category. In order to grade an assignment click on the link at the top of the column with the assignment's name.

This brings up a Submissions page for that assignment where you can view what students sent you by clicking on the link under the "Last Modified" column. To grade the submission click on the link for "Grade". This brings up a new window with a "Grade" drop-down menu, an HTML window for providing feedback to the student, a window for the student to respond to the grade, and the original submission at the bottom.

You can "Save changes", which will close the window, as will the "Cancel" button, or you can "Save and show next", which will allow you to grade the next student easily.
The "Send notification emails" will allow students to be informed when their grades are ready.

When you're finished the Submissions page will reflect the changes you have made. You can still change grades here by clicking the "Update" link under Status.

Grading Assignments with Uploaded Files
To grade assignments involving uploaded files click on the "Grades" link and then the link to the assignment at the top of the appropriate column. This will take you to the same "Submissions" page as before. In the "Last Modified" column, instead of a link to the grading window you will see a link to the uploaded file. To view the document click on its link and the browser will download it. Then you can grade the assignment and leave whatever comments you want.

Grading Offline Activity
Go to the "Submissions" page for the assignment. You will see that there is nothing submitted. You can enter in grades as before.

Grades: Grading Scales

Using a Grade Scale Instead of a Numeric Value
When you assign a grade to an assignment you can choose instead to assign it a Scale, such as Credit/No Credit or a scale of Competency. Scales are intended to communicate a degree of success to a student rather than a score.

One way to have a scale grade strongly effect your classroom grade is to use it within a weighted Category. A category worth 20% of your grade could still use assignments that were Credit/No Credit for example. However in order to maintain the relative importance of the scale assignments the category would have to use only assignments graded using the same scale.

Note: By the nature of Moodle's gradebook each step in the scale must have a numeric value of some kind, so to have as little effect on the overall grade each step has a value of 1 point. This is not the purpose of the Scale, rather it is only a requirement for the calculations that occur within the gradebook.

Grades: Quick Grading

Quick Grading
There is another way of accessing grading. Go to the Activities block and click the "Assignments" link, which will show you all the assignments which have been Submitted. Clicking on the "submitted assignments" link will take you to the grading page for that assignment. Using the Assignments link may be a little easier to access since you don't have to scroll to the side.

In order to enter the "Quick Grading Mode" check the box on the lower right marked "Allow quick grading" and hit the "Save preferences" button. Here you will see all the students listed with a drop-down menu next to each name allowing you to quickly grade them all. There is a checkbox at the bottom allowing you to send email notification to each student.

Note: Quick grading does not show you the student's original submission. Therefore it may only useful if you know that every student will get the same amount of points.

Grades: Grading an Online Quiz

Grading an Online Quiz
Clicking on a quiz in the grading page will take you to the "Results" tab for that quiz. This will show each student, the day they started and ended the quiz, how long it took them, the total number of points, and the results for each question. Any essay questions will not be automatically graded. To read the submission click on the link inside that question, which will pop open a new window with the student's name, the question, and their response. To grade the assignment click on the "Make comment or override grade" link. This will bring up an HTML editor with a "Grade" section to input the number of points.

To see a particular student's overall results in the quiz click on the grade value for that student.

Grades: Quiz Data Analysis

Quiz Data Analysis
At the bottom of the Quiz Results tab in the "Overview" section is a bar graph with the number of students and the grades they got. At the top of the section is a link to "Item Analysis". This section gives a great deal of data about the overall quiz and each specific question. You can sort information by clicking on the links at the top of the column.

  • Q#: Question number

  • Partial Credit: the amount of points given by the instructor for that answer

  • R.Count: the number of students that chose that answer divided by the number of attempts to answer that question

  • R.%: the percentage of students that chose that answer

  • % Correct Facility: an overall measure of how difficult the question was for the quiz takers

  • SD: The Standard deviation for each question

  • Disc.Index/Coefficient: Discrimination Index/Coefficient provide a measure of the effectiveness of each question

Grades: Adding Assignments Inside Gradebook

Adding Assignments Inside Gradebook
You can create a new assignment while still inside your gradebook. In the upper left hand corner is a drop-down menu labeled "Choose an action". In the Edit section select "Categories and items", which will bring up a page with all the Categories and Items added so far. Click the "Add grade item" button, and input the details of your assignment.

Grades: Exporting / Importing Grades

Exporting Grades
If you want to fill out your grades using a localized spread sheet you can do so by exporting your gradebook. On the Grades page click on the "Choose an action" drop-down menu and select "Export to" your choice of spreadsheets. You then must select the parameters to be exported.

  • Feedback Comments: these are the comments you've written to students for each assignment
  • Preview Rows:
  • Grade Export Display Type: Real - the actual numbers being exported; Percentage - calculated based on each grade; Letter - the grade assigned for each item
  • Grade export decimal points: rounded to the nearest integer
  • Grade Items to be included: you can select the specific grade items you want to include
  • Select all/none: this toggles the selection of grade items between all of them and none of them

Hitting "Submit" will take you to a preview page showing all the information about to be downloaded. Hit the "Download" button to save the file.
When you open the file in your spreadsheet program you are able to enter and modify information.

Importing Grades
In order to import your information directly into Moodle it must be saved as a "Comma Separated Values (.csv)" file.

Calendars & Events: Overview

Calendars and Events Overview
You can keep students up to date on the happenings in your class by creating a calendar. Click on the "Go to calendar" link on the right hand side of the screen. Moodle's built in calendar allows you to create a number of different kinds of events.

  • Global: this event appears on the calendars of all courses in school.
  • Course: shows events specific to this class only
  • Group: shows events related to a specific group within the course
  • User: each user can add events onto their own calendar

The Moodle calendar can be exported to other calendar programs like iCal or Outlook by clicking the "Export calendar" button

In the upper right hand corner are some preferences you can set for the calendar.

  • Time display format: you can choose to display time as a 12 hour am/pm clock, or 24 hour "military time".
  • First day of the week: you can set which day is considered the fist of the week
  • Maximum upcoming events: sets the maximum number of upcoming events to be displayed on the first page of your Moodle course.
  • Upcoming events look-ahead: sets how many days ahead the calendar looks for events
  • Remember filter settings: if you want the calendar to always look the way you have just set it up set this to "Yes".

Calendars & Events: Creating a New Event

Creating a New Event
In your calendar click on the "New event" button in the upper right hand corner. Students will be able to create user events, but teachers can create course events. Title and describe the event, then set what date it will appear on. If this were an event with an end point, such a vacation or a class session, you could select the end point for the event as another calendar day or a set value of minutes. If this will be a frequent event you can set it to repeat every week, for a set number of weeks.

This event will appear in the right hand column of your main Moodle page for the course under "Upcoming Events".

Create a Repeating Event
After creating an event you may set it up to repeat every week by selecting "Repeat Weekly" and setting the number equal to the number of weeks in the course, including all holidays.

Calendars & Events: Exporting a Calendar

Exporting a Calendar to iCal
You can export your class calendar to any program that uses the iCal format. At the bottom of the calendar click the "Export Calendar" button. You can select "All events" on your calendar, or "Only events related to this course". You may choose to export from a period of time going back a week, a month, or all recent additions plus those for the next 2 months.

Static Calendar
Clicking "Export" will allow you to save an iCal app file with all the information you selected. Double clicking this fill will add all the calendar events to your iCal program. Choose to create a "New calendar" and your Moodle events will appear on the calendar. These events are "local events" that will not change if your Moodle calendar changes.

Auto-Updating Calendar
By "subscribing" to a Moodle calendar iCal will automatically update itself when your Moodle calendar changes. In your browser click the "Get calendar URL" button. This creates a link that will let you "subscribe" to this calendar. Copy the link, return to iCal and click "Calendar >>> Subscribe". Paste the link into the window and click the "Subscribe" button. You can then name and describe your new calendar. By setting the calendar to "Auto-refresh" at a particular time iCal will update itself with any changes you make to your Moodle calendar.

Exporting a Calendar to Outlook
If you are in Windows you can download your Moodle calendar to Microsoft Outlook.

Static Calendar
Click the "Export Calendar" button. Moodle will export a file in ".ics" format, which can be opened with Outlook. This calendar will appear under "Other Calendars". Your Outlook calendar will update with all the information from the Moodle calendar.

Auto-Updating Calendar
By "subscribing" to a Moodle calendar Outlook will automatically update itself when your Moodle calendar changes. In your browser click the "Get calendar URL" button. This creates a link that will let you "subscribe" to this calendar. Copy the link, return to Outlook and click "Tools >>> Account Settings" and click the "Internet Calendars" tab. Click the "New" button and past the URL into the window. You can then name and describe your calendar and hit "OK". Make sure the "Update Limit" box is checked, which will automatically update the calendar every time you hit the Send/Receive button.

Course Management: Overview

Course Administration Overview
You have full control over your course, but any changes you make will not affect other courses at SSU. Your department may have specific requirements as far as common themes or content blocks. Check with your department chair for details.

Course Management: Managing Course Settings

Managing Course Settings
There are a number of course elements you can control from the "Settings" link in the Administration block. You have alreade made some changes here when you customized your course settings. There are many others available.


  • Hidden Sections: this controls what happens when you hide content blocks in editing mode. Hidden sections can either collapse down, so they are out of your way but still visible, or entirely invisible.
  • News items to show: this determines how much will display in your "News" content block.
  • Show gradebook to students: this will give students access to their grades at all times.
  • Show activity reports: this will update every time a student or teacher does anything on Moodle. It can keep you appraised of who is accessing Moodle and let students know when you have added something new.
  • Maximum upload size: this is set by SSU.

Enrollments / Enrollment expiry notification
You will not have to deal with this setting.


  • Group Mode: you may choose to have no groups in your class. If you do want groups you have two options: Separate Groups will not be able to see any content, information, or responses from other groups in class; Visible Groups will be able to see content from other groups.
  • See Managing Groups for more details


  • Availability: You can set whether or not students can see the content in your course. This can be useful if you are still building your course and do not want students to see it until it is finished.
  • Enrollment key: you may set a password that students must enter before they will have access to your Moodle site.
  • Guest access: you can allow non-students to view the content of your course, either with an enrolment key or without. If you decide to allow guests you can then decide whether or not the content of your site is available to your guests or not.


  • Force language: you can change the language of your Moodle site to any language installed by SSU (French, German, etc). All Moodle-specific links and content will display in this language. For example the link for "Settings" will be called "ConfiguraciĆ³n" in Spanish and "Einstellungen" in German. This can be very helpful is you teach a foreign language.

Role renaming

  • You can change the name of any person's title here. For example you could change your title to "Educator" and your students to "Learners".

Course Management: Backing Up Data

Backing Up Your Course
SSU will automatically make backups of your course every week. However they only keep the past two weeks worth of backups. It is recommended that you make and keep a backup of your course, especially near the end when a great deal of student-generated content may be uploaded.

In the Administration block click "Backup". This will take you to a page where you can select which parts of your course to backup. The default is to backup everything. There are two columns of check-marks. The right-hand column is user data. The left-hand column is instructor-related data.

There are two sets of links at the top of the page that allow you to "Include" all or none of these. The right-hand links select user data. the left-hand links select all data.
At the bottom there are additional settings where you can choose whether or not to backup general files. Recommended settings will be listed in parenthesis.

  • Users: choose whether to backup all users or just the users in your course. (course)
  • Logs: records of each different user's activity throughout the course of the semester. (no)
  • User Files: any files a user uploaded as part of the course. (yes)
  • Course Files: any files you uploaded as part of the course. (yes)
  • Site Files Used in this Course: any files related to your Moodle site. (yes)
  • Grade histories: changes made in grades during the semester. (no)
  • Backup role assignments for this course: any unique changes in role. If you selected to backup "All" then theses are already checked.

Hit the "Continue" button to see a list of everything to be backed up. Moodle generates a name for the backup using the short name of the course, the date and a unique identifier. However you can change this if you wish. Hit the "Continue" button to create your backup. This loads a page that shows you what is contained in the backup. Hit the "Continue" button to see the backup file itself. By clicking on the name of the file it will download to your computer so that you can save your own copy.

Be sure to make periodic backups of your course data on a regular basis.

Restoring Data from a Backup
If you accidentally delete resources or anything else from your course you can go to the Administration block and click "Restore". This will bring up all backups you have made so far. Choose which backup you want (probably the most recent) and under the Action column choose the action "Restore". Moodle will ask if you want to restore with that file. If you click "Yes" it will take you to a page which will show you everything being restored. If you click the "Continue" button it will take you to a page where you can control the specific information to be restored.

The "Restore to" drop-down menu allows you to erase all current data and restore to the previous point, or just add the stored information to the existing course. If you are only restoring a few items click the "None" link next to Include to uncheck all items, then manually check just the files you want restored. Scroll to the bottom of the page and click "Continue". Moodle will inform you that the process may take a long time, depending on your connection to the server, the speed of the server, and the amount of data you are restoring. Click the "Restore this course now" button.

This will take you to a review page that will show you the process. When it is finished click the "Continue" button to return to the front page of your course.

Be sure to make periodic backups of your course data on a regular basis.

Course Management: Importing Content to Another Course

Importing Content to Another Course
Note that the first half of this video details the process of creating a dummy class on a test server. Drag the timer to the half way point and begin watching when the "Import101" class page appears.

This feature allows you to take content from one course you are teaching and import it into another course on the same system. It also works to copy content from courses you taught in previous semester. Make sure this new course has the same Settings as the course you are copying from, otherwise some resources and assignments will show up in odd places. (IE: If the course you are copying from is arranged weekly make sure to change your current course from Topic outline to weekly)

Go to the class you wish to copy to. On the Administration block click the "Import" link. On the "Courses I Have Taught" drop-down menu select the course you wish to copy from and click the "Use This Course" button. You are taken to a page where you can select which resources and assignments you wish to import. The list defaults to "All". Click the "Continue" button and you will see a list of everything to be imported to your current course. Click the "Continue" button and you will see a page showing you everything that has been imported to your current course. Click the "Continue" button and one more process will run. Click the "Continue" button one more time and you will see the main page of your current course, which will look identical to the course you imported from.

Course Management: Resetting a Course

Resetting a Course
If you are teaching the same course for a second semester you can easily remove all students and student data associated with that course. In the Administration block click the "Reset" link. This takes you to a page where you can select what to remove from the course. The General section allows you to change the Course start date and delete course events, logs or notes you have created.

The Roles section lets you delete students, non-editing teachers, or guests. The Gradebook section will allow you to "Delete all grades" from current students. If you choose to not "Delete all items and categories" they will remain for you to use for the new semester. In order to remove all traces of students from previous semester select the following: "Delete all submissions" under Assignments; "Remove all messages" under Chats; "Remove all responses" under Choices; "Delete any entries by students not enrolled" under Databases; "Delete all posts" under Forums; "Delete any entries by students not enrolled", "Delete all ratings" and "Delete all comments" under Glossaries. This will maintain all content created by you, while eliminating all content created by students.

Click the "Reset course" button at the bottom and Moodle will show us a page with all the deletions it is about to make. Click the "Continue" button and you will see the main page of your Moodle course. To check that all user data has been removed click the "Participants" link in the upper left hand corner. The only participant should be you.

Course Management: Running Reports

Running Reports
Reports allow you to view the log files to see how students are using your course. In the Administration block click on the "Report" link. Using the drop-down menus you can run reports for a course, a group, an individual participant, a specific date (or all dates), a specific activity (or all), and the specific actions the participants performed (viewed the site, or added / updated / deleted content). You can display this report as an HTML page or download a text or Excel file. When you are ready click the "Get these logs" button.

You can view reports of activity as it happens using the "Current activity" links. "Live logs from the past hour" display a report of what has happened on your Moodle site in the past hour. This report automatically updates every 60 seconds. "Activity report" lists the activities in your Moodle course, the number of page views that activity has received, and when it was last accessed. Under "Participation Report" you can view user actions related to specific Activity modules, for a certain number of days, by a particular kind of user (such as students). Clicking the "Go" button takes you to a screen where you can see the specific members of the selected user group (such as specific students) and how many actions they have performed in your moodle course.

By clicking on the participants name you can see their profile, where you can also access Activity reports about their participation in the Moodle course. You can also access this profile by clicking on the "Participants" link in the upper left hand corner of the main course page.

Course Management: Managing User Roles

Managing User Roles
In the Administration block click "Assign roles". You can assign roles to any user that has less privileges than you do.

  • Student: students in the left column are enrolled in your course, while those in the right are not. You can add or remove students by clicking on their name in one column and hitting the "Add" or "Remove" button.
  • Non-editing teacher: a Teacher's assistant, co-teacher or Teaching Assistant. They can look at all the content, participate in the course (such as posting forum messages) but they can't add new resources/activities or submit quizzes or assignments. They can grade students, though. They have access to the gradebook, but can't change grade settings.
  • You can change roles in this same screen by changing the "Role to assign" setting to another role.
  • Hidden Assignment: the checkbox with the eye allows you to set a person as a non-editing teacher, but to keep that assignment hidden to anyone who is not also a non-editing teacher or a teacher themselves.

Course Management: Managing Groups

Managing Groups
Go to the Administration block and click on "Groups". There are two columns: one for "Groups" and one for group members. To begin click the "Create group" and name and describe it.

  • Enrolment key: students must type in a password to enter the group
  • New picture: you can set a particular picture to represent the group
  • Hide picture: you can hide the group's image

Click "Save changes" button to return to the groups menu. Click the "Add/Remove Users" button to bring up a list of students. Select the students you want and click the "Add" button.

Auto-create groups
This will automatically assign students to different groups.

Select members from role
specify what kind of participant will be placed into groups.

  • Specify (how the groups are assigned): "Number of groups" or "Members of group"; Enter this number in the "Group/member count" box.
  • Naming scheme: set the names of each group by entering it here .
    • You can letter the groups by adding an "@" sign at the end of the group name. "Group @" will yield names "Group A", "Group B", "Group C", etc.
    • You can number them by adding an "#". "Group #" will yield names "Group 1", "Group 2", "Group 3", etc

Hitting the "Show Advanced" button will give you more options.

  • Prevent last small group: prevents single students being put into their own groups
  • \Allocate members: set how Moodle should auto-create the groups: Randomly; Alphabetically by first name; alpha by last name, alpha by ID number

Hit the "Preview" button and the students will be auto-added to groups.