Wide-ranging Look at SSU Faculty Research On Display at March 27 Expo

stemstudy.jpeg Fairfield Osborn Preserve is often the site of undergraduate and graduate research opportunities.

Faculty and staff members throughout the campus are involved in vital, creative and significant projects, funded through CSU, state, federal and private sources.

From the impact of nurses's coaching of patients to why employers hire day laborers to managing the power consumption of large-scale computing facilities, to the philosophy of wilderness preservation, compelling research from SSU faculty is on display at the 17th Annual Faculty Research Exposition from 4-5:30 p.m. on Wednesday, March 27 in the Commons.

This year's participants are involved in projects that provide a wide-ranging look at research and grant activity that is crucial to an active and productive SSU community. Student involvement in research activities is also a key element to any undergraduate experience.

Faculty and staff members throughout the campus are involved in vital, creative and significant projects, funded through CSU, state, federal and private sources. This annual event provides an opportunity for researchers to share their work with the rest of the campus community.

The event is hosted annually by the Office of Research and Sponsored Programs (ORSP) and Faculty Subcommittee on Sponsored Programs (FSSP).

It is supported by John and Katharyn Crabbe through their donations to the John and Katharyn Crabbe Faculty Development Fund.

The list of research projects on display include:

Video Self-Modeling and Reading Fluency
Sandra Ayala -- ELSE

Three fourth grade students who were reading two levels below grade received an intervention of video self-modeling to improve reading fluency and reading self-efficacy. Students were video recorded reading paragraphs from leveled reading curriculum. Videos were edited and viewed 4 times per week. Data was collected twice per week using timed measures. A single subject across participants design was used. Results indicated an increase in reading fluency and reading self-efficacy for all participants. A two-week post-test maintenance assessment showed successful retention for all three students. Results from the study offer promise for video self-modeling as a successful reading intervention

Mapping Absence and Potential: including human Caused Mortality in Identifying Suitable Habitat for Beaver Re-introduction in Oregon
Jeff Baldwin -- Geography

With support from a Summer Fellowship, Baldwin completed a habitat suitability model for beaver which incorporates the entire state of Oregon. Beaver are a once important keystone species now widely extirpated in the American West. In an ArcGIS environment, the model allows analysis of environmental amenities and spatial dis-amenities represented by exposure to anthropogenic mortality. He plans to complete analysis which will yield a statewide re-location potential surface by February and present findings to the semi-annual State of the Beaver Conference in Canyonville, Oregon. He also plans to submit the research report to The Professional Geographer for publication.

Collaborative Autism Training & Support Program (CATS)
Lorna Catford -- Sociology
Juliana Baumgartner, Lily Nichols, Robert Wyckoff

Since it began in 2005, the CATS Program has grown from a one-semester course where 20 students provided 1,000 hours of free direct interventions and support to 20 children on the autism spectrum, to an award-winning program with 30 community partners and a 2-semester course. This year 76 students are providing almost 4,000 hours to 78 children and their families. Students from many majors participate and follow up with employment in a variety of areas. They also take on leadership roles in the program, which is supported by our Instructionally Related Activity funding.

NASA Education and Public Outreach at Sonoma State University
Lynn Cominsky -- Physics & Astronomy
Dr. Kevin McLin, Aurore Simonnet, Kevin John, Logan Hill, Laura Chase

SSU's NASA Education and Public Outreach group supports four high-energy astrophysics missions: the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (launched in 2008), the Swift Gamma-ray Burst Explorer (launched in 2004), the XMM-Newton mission (launched in 1999) and the upcoming Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR, launched in 2012.) These missions detect x-ray or gamma-ray light, observing the most exotic and extreme objects in the Universe: blazing galaxies, intense stellar explosions and super-massive black holes. They are also developing an online cosmology curriculum for general education college students and developing a secondary school program that teaches students how to build experimental payloads to be launched on rockets or flown on tethered weather balloons. They also train thousands of teachers each year, run a robotic telescope program and write a weekly webcomic, Epo's Chronicles. Their mission is to improve STEM education and increase scientific literacy by engaging and inspiring students of all ages with the wonders of the cosmos.

Pace-Setting Strategies During A Recession: An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Status, Innovation, And Financial Performance
Armand Gilinsky -- Business Administration
Douglas Jordan, Sandra Newton

The impacts of quality/status and innovation differentiation strategies are tested on the longitudinal profitability and growth of the West Coast wine industry cluster, using a sample comprising 2006 - 2010 financial benchmarks from Silicon Valley Bank's proprietary dataset of 67 wineries. A four-subcluster construct, i.e. "Reactives", "Classics", "Image-makers", and "Pace-setters", categorizes individual firms by degree of vertical integration and degree of channel innovation. Consistent with hypotheses, "Pace-setter" wineries that predominantly sell estate-grown wines direct to consumers are more profitable and enjoy faster sales growth than "Reactives" or "Classics". Practitioners now have empirical proof that using the direct-to-consumer channel positively impacts profitable growth.

Multi-Proxy Characterization of Abruptly Deposited Sedimentary Packages at Petaluma Marsh, Sonoma Co.
Michelle Goman -- Geography and Global Studies
Nicholas Darst, Ashley Steward (SSU undergraduate students)

Sediment cores retrieved from wetland settings provide a long-term archive of climate and environmental change. Researchers present preliminary data from a sediment core retrieved from Petaluma Marsh, which lies within the Petaluma River watershed. The core shows classic sedimentary changes reflecting marsh formation. However, on three occasions fully developed marsh peat is abruptly overlain by thick packages of inorganic muds. The abrupt change in stratigraphy suggests dynamic sedimentary events affected the marsh. In this poster they present preliminary multi-proxy data selected to characterize these sedimentary packages and shed light on their cause.

"Dramaturgy for Port Out, Starboard Home"
Scott Horstein -- Theater Arts

"Dramaturgy for Port Out, Starboard Home" summarizes and analyzes the process of production dramaturgy for a new play in an ensemble-driven environment. Port Out, Starboard Home, a dark morality tale involving ritual infanticide on a cruise ship, is a play that writer Sheila Callaghan created together with the ensemble-driven foolsFURY Theatre Company. It premiered at Z Space in San Francisco in September 2012 before moving to La MaMa Experimental Theatre in New York City in November 2012. This poster session explores the place and role of the dramaturg for a theater piece with an unusual subject and creative process.

The Canaries of the Urban Labor Market: What the Experiences of Low-Income Single Mothers who Pursued Higher Education Reveal about the Great Recession
Sheila Katz -- Sociology

The U.S. economy is still suffering the effects of the Great Recession with high rates of unemployment and poverty. Through qualitative longitudinal research in the San Francisco Bay Area, this paper examines the impact of the great recession on mothers who pursued higher education while on CalWORKs, California's welfare program. Katz conducted in-depth qualitative interviews in spring 2011 with 35 of the study's 45 interview participants who were first interviewed in 2006 (78% retention rate). The purpose of this paper is to uncover how mothers who pursued higher education while on welfare are faring after graduating amidst the Great Recession. She examines the impact of the Great Recession on the families and the mothers' views on how their behavior and perspective changed in response to the recession.

Applying Up-To-Date Research To Clinical Practice: Nursing Students Measure Impact Of Coaching Patients After Hospitalization
Michelle Kelly -- Nursing

In a Sonoma State University-Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital partnership, nursing faculty and students are applying current research to better prepare recently discharged hospital patients to safely administer their own medications and manage their health once home. An effective research based model (Coleman's Care Transitions) is being employed to place students as coaches to activate patients in their own health care and prevent hospitalization readmission. Positive program outcomes include correcting medication errors, identifying patient self-care deficits, empowering patients to navigate the health system and decreased hospital readmission rates.

Sonoma State University Archive: The History of a University
Nicole Lawson -- Library

In honor of the University's 50th anniversary, the history of the University project highlights and digitally preserves SSU's rich history in online exhibition format. The project demonstrates the scope of assets held by the University Archive in the University and expands the knowledge base related to SSU's unique history. Artifacts, photographs, documents, media clips, and other objects of historical significance to SSU and the wider community, dating back to the mid-1950's, are represented.

Structural Characterization of a Protein by NMR
Jennifer Lillig -- Chemistry
Matt Applesmith, Dr. Carmen Works

As part of an NSF award, the chemistry department purchased an Agilent 400 MHz nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer. An SSU undergraduate student, Matt Applesmith, was awarded a CSUPERB Presidents' Commission Scholarship to support an intensive summer research experience utilizing the new NMR instrument. Although instrument installation was delayed, we made significant progress in obtaining data supporting our summer goals. As proof of concept, faculty obtained 400 MHz NMR spectra of the antimicrobial MPX that is comparable to previous studies in the literature and we obtained preliminary NMR data of the previously uncharacterized antimicrobial protein piscicocin V1.

"Nobody Works as Hard As the Mexicans":
Employer Interviews of Day Laborers
Daniel Melero Malpica -- Chicano and Latino Studies

The growth of nonstandard employment - part-time work, temp agencies, contract company employment, short-term and contigent work, and independent contracting - has transformed work in significant and profound ways in the United States. One component of nonstandard employment not well researched is day labor work. The day labor phenomenon has grown significantly in the last three decades, making it an important component of nonstandard employment. Drawing on three years of ethnographic fieldwork in Northern California this study examines why employers hire day laborers? Results from the interviews show that employers are small or medium size businesses or home owners that need reliable and flexible workers. The employers viewed the workers as hard working, with the "right attititude", and dependable. Simply put, employers want willing subordinates. Employers valued the fact that they are able to hire these workers from a formal day labor site (Graton Day Labor Center).

EBSD and Three-dimensional Strain Analysis of Transpressional Thinning within the Rosy Finch Shear Zone
Matty Mookerjee -- Geology
Andrew Canada, Katie Thomason, Alexa Melcon

Kinematic analysis of the Rosy Finch Shear Zone (RFSZ) via three-dimensional strain data and Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) analysis, has allowed for the calculation of the vorticity number, which relates the relative amounts of pure shear and simple shear within the zone and ultimately can be used to estimate the amount of across-the-zone thinning. The RFSZ is a 3.5 km wide NNW trending transpressional zone along the eastern margin of the Sierra Nevada mountain range, and the southernmost shear zone within the Sierra Crest Shear Zone (SCSZ). Oblique subduction along the western coast of the North American Plate, combined with westward-directed compression, is concentrated within the shear zone.

Teaching Digital Logic Design
Jack Ou -- Engineering

There are different ways of teaching digital logic design (DLD). In the 70s and 80s, DLD was taught using only discrete integrated circuits. As digital systems became more complex over the years, it was no longer possible to build a reasonably sophisticated digital system with only discrete components. In the last 15-20 years, universities (Berkeley, Stanford, CSU at LA to name a few) began to experiment with different techniques of teaching DLD. In this submission, Ou compares and contrasts different ways of teaching DLD. He also describes efforts to engage students with techniques. He believes his method of teaching DLD is unique and can expose students to a variety of skills that are in demand in the industry.

Measurements and Modeling of Rohnert Park's Air Quality
Mark Perri -- Chemistry

Through RSCAP funding, Peri embarked upon a comprehensive project to measure and model local air quality in Rohnert Park. Through measurements, he has cataloged ozone levels and aerosol optical thickness. His modeling efforts are building to offer the ability to predict future levels of ozone and particulate matter based on emissions of hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide. The goal is to have the capability of evaluating the air quality impact of future changes to the North Bay area, such as the coming SMART Train.

GIS and Archaeology
Adrian Praetzellis -- Anthropology
Mike Konzak, Bryan Mischke - Anthropological Studies Center (ASC)

Using digital spatial data and profiles collected during recent excavations, researchers re-created the excavated deposits of a Native American archaeological site in San Francisco within ESRI ARCGIS. Using standard graphics and GIS software with free extensions available from ESRI, profiles were digitized, georeferenced, and linked to artifact catalogs. The resulting 3D map contains a fully linked database available to visualize and analyze the distribution of artifacts, features, and impacts across the site. These techniques can be applied to future excavations, current projects, or as a new way of viewing older artifact collections.

GIS and Archaeological Collections Research
Adrian Praetzellis -- Anthropology
Bryan Mischke - ASC

The Anthropological Studies Center completed a pilot study to link the collections database from the Archaeological Collections Facility with geospatial locations in GIS. ACF has long offered researchers access to its vast holdings of more than 2500 archaeological collections. Scholars and students can now search collections not only by site or artifact type but by using GIS spatial tools.

Whose Spanish are we teaching? An examination of informal pronouns in language textbooks.
Jeffrey Reeder -- Modern Languages & Literatures
Parissa Tadrissi - Modern Languages & Literatures

This study assesses the quantity, frequency, and quality of second-person pronouns of address in Spanish foreign language textbooks most commonly used at the college level. Two pronouns were selected for study, vos and vosotros; these are used in eight Latin American countries and Spain, respectively. The textbooks failed to explain all the varieties of second-person forms throughout the Hispanic world. As a result, many learners are not exposed to all of the informal pronouns in Spanish and may even be unaware of the very existence of some of these forms

Modeling and Managing the Power Consumption of Large-Scale Computing Facilities
Suzanne Rivoire -- Computer Science

Supercomputing and cloud computing facilities provide enormous amounts of computational power to scientists and everyday users alike. However, the high power consumption of these facilities threatens their ability to increase their performance in response to future demands. This work, conducted in collaboration with Microsoft Research-Silicon Valley, was the first to quantify the challenges of modeling the power consumption of large-scale computing clusters. Rivoire propose a high-level modeling approach to overcome these challenges and validate it across a range of hardware platforms and software applications. She also plans to integrate power models into a mechanism for enforcing variable hardware power budgets.

The KAPAO adaptive optics system achieves "first-light"
Scott Severson -- Physics & Astronomy

Researchers are building a system to dramatically improve the sharpness of astronomical images at the Table Mountain Observatory one-meter telescope. This technique is called "Adaptive Optics" (AO) and works at the physical limit of the ability to image. The KAPAO project is a collaboration between Sonoma State University, Pomona College, Harvey Mudd College and the California Institute of Technology. They present the status, including the instrument design and on-sky testing of the prototype system, which saw "first light" in 2012. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation.

Effects of Timing of Carbohydrate Loading on Muscular Strength, Rate of Force Development, and Muscular Endurance and its Subsequent Effects During Double-Day Training *
Bülent Sökmen -- Kinesiology
Ibrahim Munayer, Sabrina Hrabe, Sylvia Lewis, Sara Cheer, John Herzberger, Jamie Kogel, Karina Gonzalez (SSU students)

Double-day training is a commonly used practice method utilized by coaches of various sports (i.e. football) in preparation for their corresponding season. The athlete's initial glycogen stores in the beginning of the day are very critical for the performance of the initial training session. Few studies have shown the importance of a carbohydrate-rich breakfast prior to exercise and the need to restore glycogen stores during and after workouts, yet rarely a study mentions the benefits of whether ingesting carbohydrates before, during, or after an initial training session will affect the performance variables of the second training session in the same day. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the effects of carbohydrate (CHO) loading on the rate of force development, muscular strength and endurance, power, and anaerobic performance.

S3: STEPping up STEM at SSU
Lynn Stauffer -- Office of the Dean
Lynn Cominsky, Jeremy Qualls, Nathan Rank, Claudia Luke (Other Core Team Faculty: Brigitte Lahme, Karina Nielsen, John Sullins, Martha Shott, Glenn Carter)

Through the National Science Foundation-funded STEM Talent Expansion Program (STEP), the School of Science at Technology is utilizing a three-pronged approach to increase the number of STEM majors, increase retention of STEM students and improve STEM graduation rates. The first prong is the development of an interdisciplinary STEM First Year Experience (SCI 120/121) program that uses the theme of evironmental sustainability in the local watershed to enhance student engagement with the process of scientific inquiry, and to attract additional undeclared students into STEM majors. The second prong targets existing STEM majors who need additional support to succeed in beginning chemistry and physics classes and the third prong expands the MESA (Mathematics, Engineering, Science Achievement) model providing additional advising, opportunities for undergraduate research and exposure to career opportunities to all SSU STEM majors.

Legislative History of Wilderness Bills
Laura Watt -- Environmental Studies & Planning

At Point Reyes National Seashore, an unusual controversy has broken out in recent years: advocates for wilderness and sustainable agriculture are locked in a pitched battle over the continuation of an oyster farm in Drakes Estero. Considered by many to be one of the most pristine estuaries on the Pacific coast, Drakes Estero has supported a commercial oyster operation since the 1930s, but the 1976 wilderness bill for the park included the estuary within the boundaries of "potential wilderness," a somewhat ambiguous designation used only by the National Park Service. In arguing over whether the oyster farm should be allowed to continue after its current reservation of use expires in 2012, the advocates for both sides are also arguing about a larger issue: what, ultimately, is the real purpose of wilderness designation? Must designated wildernesses eradicate all trace of humans except as visiting recreators, or can historic and environmentally friendly land uses continue to coexist within wilderness? This research explores the legislative history of the wilderness bills in an attempt to understand what the original legislative intent may have been.

Effects of a Single Bout of Intermittent and Continuous Exercise on Postprandial Glycemia and Lipidemia
Mary Ellen Wilkosz -- Nursing
Dr. Bülent Sökmen, Sabrina Hrabe (SSU student)

The purpose of this investigation was to determine if a single bout of moderate-intensity, intermittent or continuous exercise performed prior to a high-fat meal would decrease postprandial blood triglyceride (TG) and glucose concentrations in healthy men and women. On the evening of day one, the subject either walked continuously (CE) at 50% of their VO2max until expending 500 kcal, or did intermittent exercise (IE) at 70% of VO2max for 3 min and 30% of VO2max for 3 min until expending 500 kcal, or no exercise (control CON). On the morning of day two, the subject consumed a high fat meal comprised of 1000 kcal (90% fat). Blood samples were collected at Pre, 2, 4, and 6 hours for the measurement of blood TG, glucose, and lipid profiles.

Investigation for the Bioremediation of Chromium (VI) Using Pseudomonas veronii
Carmen Works -- Chemistry

Sarah Perrin, SaraLynn Thompson, Anthony Gamboa, Benadetta Njau (SSU students)
Hexavalent chromium is a known carcinogen and a common pollutant in ground water. The anion is extremely water-soluble and enters biological cells through sulfate and phosphate channels in cell membranes. Once inside the cells the anion can react with DNA causing long-term damage to the organism. There has been an ongoing effort to remove hexavalent from areas of high concentrations, and one area that we are exploring is bioremediation. Bioremediation is a method that employs microorganisms, to restore an environment back to its original condition. Previous research in the lab, focused on the isolation of Pseudomonas veronii and determining that the bacterium can survive in an environment with hexavalent chromium and can enzymatically reduce chromium(VI) to the less toxic chromium(III). In current investigation efforts have focused on the isolation of the enzyme chromate reducatase and characterization of the kinetic parameters, Km and Vmax.

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