Prairie Described

Literature cited

Quick Links on This Page:

Value, Definitions, Distribution, Vegetation Types

Bicknell SH, AT Austin, DJ Bigg, RP Godar. 1992. Late prehistoric vegetation patterns at six sites in coastal California; Honolulu, Hawaii. p 112.

Bicknell SH, Godar RP, Bigg DJ, Austin AT. 1993a. Fort Ross State Historic Park prehistoric vegetation. Final report. Arcata, CA: California Dept. of Parks & Recreation and Humboldt State University.

Bicknell SH, Godar RP, Bigg DJ, Austin AT. 1993b. Salt Point State Park prehistoric vegetation. Final report. Arcata, CA: California Dept. of Parks & Recreation and Humboldt State University.

Bicknell SH, Godar RP, Bigg DJ, Austin AT. 1993c. Mount Tamalpais State Park prehistoric vegetation. Final report. Arcata, CA: California Dept. of Parks & Recreation and Humboldt State University.

Bond W, Davies G, Turner R. October 2007. The biology and non-chemical control of Yorkshire Fog (Holcus lanatus L.). http://www.gardenorganic.org.uk/sites/www.gardenorganic.org.uk/files/organic-weeds/holcus-lanatus.pdf. Accessed 2014 Sep 10. 

Burcham LT. 1957. California range land: an historico-ecological study of the range resources in California. Pub. No. 7. Center for Archaelogical Research at Davis, University of California. 256 p.

CNPS. 2001. California Native Plant Society Santa Cruz Chapter. Habitat types from CNPS Inventory, 6th ed.. http://www.cruzcnps.org/localplants.html.  Accessed 2010 Dec 31.

CPEFS. 2010. Coastal Prairie Enhancement Feasibility Study. Sonoma Marin coastal prairie mapping project. A project of the Sonoma Marin Coastal Prairie Working Group. Ocean Song Farm & Wilderness Center, P O Box 659, Occidental CA 95465.

Clements FE. 1934. The relict method of dynamic ecology. Journal of Ecology 22(1): 39-68.

Ford L, Hayes GF. 2007. Northern coastal scrub and coastal prairie. In: Barbour MG, Keeler-Wolf T, Schoenherr A, editors. Terrestrial vegetation of California. 3rd ed. Berkeley CA: University of California Press. p 180-207.

Grogan PJP, Barrett RH. 1995. Elk and deer diets in a coastal prairie-scrub mosaic, California. Journal of Range Management 48:327-335.

Gucker, CL. 2008. Holcus lanatus. In: Fire Effects Information System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/. Accessed 2014 Sep10.

Harrington KC, Thatcher A, Kemp PD 2006. Mineral composition and nutritive value of some common pasture weeds. Arable and Pastoral Weeds, New Zealand Plant Protection 59: 261-265.

Hayes GF. 2006. Protecting coastal prairies for our children's children. PDF slide show. Elkhorn Slough Coastal Training Program. Accessed 2013 Jan 28.

Heady HF, Foin TC, Hektner MM, Taylor DW, Barbour MG, Barry JW. 1977. Coastal prairie and northern coastal scrub. In: Barbour MG, Major J, editors. Terrestrial vegetation of California. Sacramento, CA: California Native Plant Society. p 733-760.

Holstein G. 2011. Prairies and grasslands: what's in a name? Fremontia 39(2 & 3):2-5.

Jacques WA (1974) Yorkshire fog (Holcus lanatus L.). Its potential as a pasture species. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association, 35, 249–257.

Jasper JW. 2008 June. Can cattle save  us from global warming?. Accessed 2012 Dec 05.

Keeler-Wolf T, Evens JM, Solomeshch AI, Holland VL, Barbour MG. 2007. Community classification and nomenclature. In: Stromberg MR, Corbin JD, D'Antonio CM, editors. California grasslands: ecology and management. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. p 21-34.

Kie JG. 2005. Annual grassland. California Wildlife Habitat Relationships System, California Department of Fish and Game, California Interagency Wildlife Task Group. http://www.dfg.ca.gov/biogeodata/cwhr/pdfs/AGS.pdf. Accessed 2010 Nov 2 and 2011 Mar 31.

Kuchler AW. 1964. Potential natural vegetation of the conterminous United States, American Geographical Society. Special publication no. 36. Table of vegetation types available from: Global Ecosystems Database Version 2.0. Boulder CO: NOAA National Geophysical Data Center.ftp://ftp.ngdc.noaa.gov/Solid_Earth/Ecosystems/CEOS_Ecoregions/datasets/b13/reprints/ek1.htm. Accessed 2011 Mar 31.

Lincoln R, Boxshall G, Clark P. 1998. A dictionary of ecology, evolution and systematics. 2nd ed. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. 361 p.

Lulow, ME, Young, TP. 2011. Is there still native diversity in California grasslands? Fremontia 39(2 & 3):6-11.

Minnich RA. 2008. California's fading wildflowers: lost legacy and biological invasions. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. 360 p.

Morris W, editor. 1978. The American heritage dictionary of the English language. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1550 p.

Peters RL, Noss RF. 1995. America's endangered ecosystems. Defenders 70:16-27.

Raven PH, Axelrod DI. 1995. Origin and relationships of the California Flora: California Native Plant Society. 134 p.

Sampson AW, Chase A, Hedrick DW. 1951. California Grasslands and Range Forage Grasses. California Agricultural Experimental Station Bulletin 724: 81-82.

Sawyer JO, Keeler-Wolf T. 1995. A manual of California vegetation. California Native Plant Society. Sacramento CA. http://www.ice.ucdavis.edu/cnps/. Accessed 2011 Jan 14. Sacramento CA: California Native Plant Society Press. 1300 p.

Sawyer JO, Keeler-Wolf T, Evens JM. 2009. A manual of California vegetation, 2nd ed. Sacramento CA: California Native Plant Society Press. 1300 p.

Stewart OC. 1951. Burning and natural vegetation in the United States. Geographical Review 41(2):317-320.

Stromberg MR, Kephart P, Yadon V. 2001. Composition, invasibility, and diversity in coastal California grassland. Madroño 48(4):236-252. Link to preprint available from Elkhorn Slough Coastal Training Program. Accessed 2013 Jan 28.

White R, Murray S, Rohweder M. 2000. Pilot analysis of global ecosystems: grassland ecosystems. World Resources Institute. Washington DC. 69pp. Also available at: http://www.wri.org/publication/pilot-analysis-global-ecosystems-grassland-ecosystems. Accessed 2011 Jan 23.

Grasses, Sedges and rUSHES

Amme D. 2003a. Creating a native California meadow. Grasslands 13 (3):1, 9-11. http://www.cnga.org/library/CreatingANativeCaliforniaMeadowAmme2003.pdf. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Amme D. 2003b. Nassella notes. Grasslands A Publication of the California Native Grass Association 2003 13(4):3p. Reprint available at: http://www.cnga.org/library/NassellaNotesAmme2003.pdf. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Baldwin BG, Goldman DH, Keil DJ, Patterson R, Rosatti TJ, Wilken DH, editors. 2012. The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California. 2nd ed. Berkeley CA: University of California Press. 1568 p.

Bartolome JW. 1981. Stipa pulchra, a survivor from the pristine prairie. Fremontia 9(1): 3-6. http://www.cnga.org/library/StipaPulchraBartolome1981.pdf. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Bartolome JW, Barry WJ, Griggs T, Hopkinson P. 2007. Valley grassland. In: Stromberg MR, Corbin JD, D'Antonio CM, editors. California grasslands: ecology and management. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. p 367-393.

Chiapella J, Zuloaga FO. 2010. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 97(2):141-162.

Cook RE. 1983. Clonal plant populations. American Scientist 71(3):244-253.

Crampton B. 1974. Grasses in California. Smith AC, editor. Berkeley: University of California Press. 184 p.

Darris DC. 2007. Plant fact sheet: California brome (Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn.). United States Department of Agriculture. Natural Resources Conservation Service. Available from NRCS PLANTS Database http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=brca5. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Darris DC. 2008. Plant guide: Meadow barley (Hordeum brachyantherum Nevski). United States Department of Agriculture. Natural Resources Conservation Service. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=HOBR2. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Darris DC, Gonzalves P. 2008. Plant guide: California oatgrass (Danthonia californica Bolander). United States Department of Agriculture. Natural Resources Conservation Service. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DACA3. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Davy AJ. 1980. Deschampsia caespitosa (L) Beauv (Aira cespitosa L, Deschampsia cespitosa (L) Beauv). Journal of Ecology 68(3):1075-1096.

Dobrenz AK, Beetle AA. 1966. Cleistogenes in Danthonia. Journal of Range Management 19:292-296.

Edwards SW. 1995. Notes on grazing and native plants in Central California. Four Seasons 10(1):61-67.

Elkhorn Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve. 2001. Native species planting guide for the Elkhorn Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve. Accessed 2012 Dec 5. 94 p.

Ford L, Hayes GF. 2007. Northern coastal scrub and coastal prairie. In: Barbour MG, Keeler-Wolf T, Schoenherr A, editors. Terrestrial vegetation of California. 3rd ed. Berkeley CA: University of California Press. p 180-207.

Goodrich J, Lawson C, Lawson VP. 1980. Kashaya Pomo plants. Berkeley, CA: Heyday Books.

Hamilton JG, Griffin JR, Stromberg MR. 2002. Long-term population dynamics of native Nassella bunchgrasses in central California. Madroño 49:272-284.

Harberd DJ. 1961. Observations on population structure and longevity of Festuca rubra L. New Phytologist 60(2):184-206.

Hickman JC, editor. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1400 p.

Hitchcock AS. 1971. Manual of grasses of the United States in two volumes. Chase A, editor. New York: Dover Publications, Inc. 1051 p.

Howell JT, Almeda F, Follette W, Best C. 2007. Marin flora: an illustrated manual of the flowering plants, ferns, and conifers of Marin County, California. San Francisco CA: California Academy of Sciences and California Native Plant Society (Marin Chapter)

Hurteau, MD. 2009. Adaptation. (California oatgrass). Encyclopedia of Life. Available from: http://eol.org/data_objects/1382454. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Johnson KA. 1999. Elymus glaucus. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/elygla/introductory.html. Accessed 2011 Feb 2.

Keeler-Wolf T, Evens JM, Solomeshch AI, Holland VL, Barbour MG. 2007. Community classification and nomenclature. In: Stromberg MR, Corbin JD, D'Antonio CM, editors. California grasslands: ecology and management. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. p 21-34.

Kotzebue OV. 1830. A new voyage round the world, in the years 1823, 24, 25, and 26, Vol. II. Available from: The Project Gutenberg EBook Released 2008, June 17.http://www.gutenberg.org/files/25815/25815-h/25815-h.htm. Accessed 2011 Feb 23.

Maggenti AR, Hart WH, Paxman GA. 1973. New Genus and species of gall forming nematode from Danthonia californica, with a discussion of its life-history. Nematologica 19(4):491-497.

Mark AF, Dickinson KJM. 2001. Deschampsia cespitosa subalpine tussockland on the Green Lake landslide, Hunter Mountains, Fiord Ecological Region, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 39(4):577-585.

Maslovat C. 2002. Historical jigsaw puzzles: piecing together the understory of Garry oak (Quercus garryana) ecosystems and the implications for restoration. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report. PSW-GTR-184. http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/psw_gtr184/psw_gtr184_013_Maslovat.pdf. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Mingo A, Oesterheld M. 2009. Retention of dead leaves by grasses as a defense against herbivores:a test on the palatable grass Paspalum dilatatum. Oikos 118(5):753-757.

Opler PA, Lotts K, Naberhaus T, coordinators. 2010. Butterflies and moths of North America. Bozeman, MT: Big Sky Institute. http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/. Accessed 2010 Nov 8.

Peart MH. 1979. Experiments on the biological significance of the morphology of seed-dispersal units in grasses. Journal of Ecology 67(3):843-863.

Sampson AW. 1924. Native American forage plants.  John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New York. 435 pp. http://chla.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=chla;idno=3116741. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Sampson AW, Chase A, Hedrick DW. 1951. California grasslands and range forage grasses. California Agricultural Experimental Station. Bulletin 724. The College of Agriculture University of California. 130 p.
Sawyer JO, Keeler-Wolf T, Evens JM. 2009. A manual of California vegetation, 2nd ed. Sacramento CA: California Native Plant Society Press. 1300 p.

Stannard M. 2010. Plant Guide: Blue Wildrye (Elymus glaucus). United States Department of Agriculture. Natural Resources Conservation Service, Institution. Pullman WA 00163. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ELGL. Accessed 2012 Apr 5.

State of California. 2004. Bill Number SB 1226. February 11, 2004. Introduced by Senator Machado; Coauthored by Assembly Members Wiggins and Wolk.  http://info.sen.ca.gov/pub/03-04/bill/sen/sb_1201-1250/sb_1226_bill_20040823_chaptered.html. Accessed 2010 Nov 8.

Stromberg MR, Griffin JR. 1996. Long-term patterns in coastal California grasslands in relation to cultivation, gophers, and grazing. Ecological Applications 6(4):1189-1211.

Stromberg MR, Kephart P. n.d. Landowners guide to native grass enhancement and restoration. Hastings Natural History Reservation http://www.hastingsreserve.org/NativeGrass/NatGrasBackgrnd.html and http://www.hastingsreserve.org/NativeGrass/Natives.html. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Thomsen MA, D'Antonio CM. 2007. Mechanisms of resistance to invasion in a California grassland: the roles of competitor identity, resource availability, and environmental gradients. Oikos 116(1):17-30.

Tollefson JE. 2006. Bromus carinatus. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/brocar/introductory.html. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

University of California. 2009. The Jepson Online Interchange: California floristics. Berkeley: The Regents of the University of California. http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/.  Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Utah State University. c2001-2002. Grass manual on the web. Developed as part of the manual of grasses for North America and Flora of North America projects. http://herbarium.usu.edu/webmanual/. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Walsh RA. 1995a. Deschampsia cespitosa. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/desces/all.html. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Walsh RA. 1995b. Festuca rubra. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/fesrub/introductory.html. Accessed 2012 Apr 6

Wildflowers

.Adams D. 2007. Habitat assessment of Myrtle's silverspot butterfly at Point Reyes National Seashore. National Park Service. Pacific Coast Science Learning Center. Research Project Summary. http://www.nps.gov/pore/parkmgmt/upload/rps_myrtlessilverspot_070816.pdf. Accesseed 2010 Dec 15.

Baldwin BG, Goldman DH, Keil DJ, Patterson R, Rosatti TJ, Wilken DH, editors. 2012. The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California. 2nd ed. Berkeley CA: University of California Press. 1568 p.

Barry S, Larson S, George M. 2006. California native grasslands: a historical perspective--a guide for developing realistic restoration objectives. Grasslands, a publication of the Native Grass Association XVI(5):7-11. (http://www.cnga.org/library/GrasslandsArticleBarry2006.pdf. 2010 Oct 24.

Black SH, Vaughan M. 2005. Species profile Speyeria zerene myrtleae (Myrtle's silverspot). In Shepherd MD, Vaughan DM, Black SH, editors. Red list of pollinator insects of North America. CD-ROM Version 1 (May 2005). Portland OR. The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation. http://www.xerces.org/myrtles-silverspot/. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Bocek BR. 1984. Ethnobotany of Costanoan Indians, California, based on collections by John P. Harrington. Economic Botany 38(2):240-255.

California Department of Food and Agriculture. 2011. Douglas iris (Iris douglasiana). Noxious weed information. http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/phpps/ipc/weedinfo/iris.htm. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

California Native Plant Society. 2011. Inventory of rare and endangered plants. On-line edition, v8-01a. California Native Plant Society. Sacramento CA.  http://www.cnps.org/cnps/rareplants/inventory/. Sacramento, CA: California Native Plant Society. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

California Poison Control System. 2000. Toxic plants. Calfornia Poison Action Line. http://www.calpoison.com/public/plants-toxic.html. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Celedon-Neghme C, Gonzales WL, Gianoli E. 2007. Cost and benefits of attractive floral traits in the annual species Madia sativa (Asteraceae). Evolutionary Ecology 21(2):247-257.

CNPS. n.d. California Native Plant Society Santa Cruz Chapter. Plant communities of Santa Cruz County: Coastal terrace prairie. http://www.cruzcnps.org/CoastalTerracePrairie.html. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Consortium of California Herbaria. 2010. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.   http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/consortium/. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

CPEFS. 2010-2011. Coastal Prairie Enhancement Feasibility Study. Sonoma Marin coastal prairie mapping project. Ocean Song Farm & Wilderness Center, P O Box 659, Occidental CA 95465.

Flora of North America Editorial Committee, editors. 1993+. Flora of North America North of Mexico.  16+ vols.  New York and Oxford.  Vol. 1, 1993; vol. 2, 1993; vol. 3, 1997; vol. 4, 2003; vol. 5, 2005; vol. 7, 2010; vol. 8, 2009; vol. 19, 2006; vol. 20, 2006; vol. 21, 2006; vol. 22, 2000; vol. 23, 2002; vol. 24, 2007; vol. 25, 2003; vol. 26, 2002; vol. 27, 2007. New York and Oxford. http://floranorthamerica.org/. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Ford L, Hayes GF. 2007. Northern coastal scrub and coastal prairie. In: Barbour MG, Keeler-Wolf T, Schoenherr A, editors. Terrestrial vegetation of California. 3rd ed. Berkeley CA: University of California Press. p 180-207.

Goodrich J, Lawson C, Lawson VP. 1980. Kashaya Pomo plants. Berkeley, CA: Heyday Books.

Hickman JC, editor. 1993. The Jepson manual: Higher plants of California. 1400 p.

Howell JT, Almeda F, Follette W, Best C. 2007. Marin flora: An illustrated manual of the flowering plants, ferns, and conifers of Marin County, California. San Francisco CA: California Academy of Sciences and California Native Plant Society (Marin Chapter).

Jepson WL. c1902-1943. A flora of California. Volumes 1-4. Published on-line. Jepson Herbarium and Library, University of California Berkeley. http://bscit.berkeley.edu/rarebook.html. Accessed 2010 Nov 5.

Jernstedt JA. 1980. Anthesis and floral senescence in Chlorogalum pomeridianum (Liliaceae). American Journal of Botany 67(5):824-832.

Keator G. 1990. Complete garden guide to the native perennials of California. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. 303 p.

Keator G. 2009. California plant families: west of the Sierran crest and deserts. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. 215 p.

Keeler-Wolf T, Evens JM, Solomeshch AI, Holland VL, Barbour MG. 2007. Community classification and nomenclature. In: Stromberg MR, Corbin JD, D'Antonio CM, editors. California grasslands: ecology and management. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. p 21-34.

Kelly I. 1996. Interviews with Tom Smith and Maria Copa: Isabel Kelly's ethnographic notes on the Coast Miwok Indians of Marin and Southern Sonoma Counties California. Collier MET, Thalman SB, editors. San Rafael, CA: Miwok Archeological Preserve of Marin. 543 p.

Martin AC, Zim HS, Nelson AL. 1951. American wildlife and plants: a guide to wildlife food habits. New York: Dover Publications. 500 p.

Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife. 2008. Massachusetts list of endangered, threatened and special concern species. http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/nhesp/species_info/mesa_list/mesa_list.htm. Accessed 2010 Mar 3.

McPherson GD, Packer JG. 1974. A contribution to taxonomy of Viola adunca. Canadian Journal of Botany-Revue Canadienne De Botanique 52(4):895-902.

Meehan T. 1879. The native flowers and ferns of the United States in their botanical, horticultural, and popular aspects. Series II. Available on-line from Biodiversity Heritage Library. http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/21330. Accessed 2010 Dec 6. Boston: Chas. Robson & Co. 204 p.

Minnich RA. 2008. California's fading wildflowers: Lost legacy and biological invasions. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. 360 p.

Moerman DE. 2003. Native American Ethnobotany: a database of foods, drugs, dyes and fibers of Native American peoples, derived from plants. http://herb.umd.umich.edu/. Accessed 2010 Nov 23.

National Park Service. 2010. Endangered butterflies. Golden Gate National Recreation Area. National Park Service. Department of the Interior. http://www.nps.gov/goga/naturescience/endangered-butterflies.htm. Cited 2010 Dec 15.

Parker R. 2007. Wildflowers of Northern California's Wine Country and North Coast Ranges. Cloverdale CA: New Creek Ranch Press. 265 p.

Peri DW, Patterson SM. 1979. Ethnobotanical resources of the Warm Springs Dam-Lake Sonoma Project Area, Sonoma County, California. United States Army Corps of Engineers, San Francisco District.

Peri DW, Patterson SM, Goodrich JL. 1982. Ethnobotanical mitigation Warm Springs Dam - Lake Sonoma California. Salinas, CA: Coyote Press.

Peri DW, Patterson SM, McMurray SL. 1985. The Makahmo Pomo: an ethnographic survey of the Cloverdale (Makahmo) Pomo. Sacramento, CA: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 259 p.

Saunders CF. 1914. With the flowers and trees in California. New York,: McBride, Nast & company.

Saunders CF. 1976. Edible and useful wild plants of the United States and Canada. New York: Dover Publications.

Sawyer JO, Keeler-Wolf T, Evens JM. 2009. A manual of California vegetation, 2nd ed. Sacramento CA: California Native Plant Society Press. 1300 p.

Society for Pacific Coast Native Iris. 2011. Pacific coast native iris.  http://www.pacificcoastiris.org/framewld.html.

Stephens M. 2000. Plant Guide: Douglas' iris (Iris douglasiana). United States Department of Agriculture. Natural Resources Conservation Service. http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_irdo.pdf.

Stewart OC. 2002. The effects of burning of grasslands and forests by aborigines the world over. In: Lewis HT, Anderson MK, editors. Forgotten fires: Native Americans and the transient wilderness. Norman, OK: University of Okalahoma Press. p 67-312.

The Olompali People. 2009. Slide show. Olompali's unique native plant garden. The Olompali People, nonprofit support for Olomapli State Historic Park. http://www.olompali.org/. Accessed 2012 Apr 5.

Timbrook J. 2007. Chumash ethnobotany: plant knowledge among the Chumash people of Southern California. Santa Barbara & Berkeley CA: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History and Heyday Books.

Timbrook J, Johnson JR, Earle DD. 1982. Vegetation burning by the Chumash. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 4(2):163-186.

Tyler CM, Borchert MI. 2007. Chaparral geophytes: fire and flowers. Fremontia 35(4):22-24.

University of California. 2009. The Jepson online interchange: California floristics. Berkeley: The Regents of the University of California. http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/.  Accessed 2011 Feb 6.

Zardini E. 1992. Madia sativa Mol (Asteraceae-Heliantheae-Madiinae) - An ethnobotanical and geographical disjunct. Economic Botany 46(1):34-44.

Animals

Adams D. 2007. Habitat assessment of Myrtle's silverspot butterfly at Point Reyes National Seashore. National Park Service. Pacific Coast Science Learning Center. Research Project Summary. http://www.nps.gov/pore/parkmgmt/upload/rps_myrtlessilverspot_070816.pdf. Accessed 2010 Dec 15.

Arnold RA. 1983. Ecological studies of six endangered butterflies (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae): island biogeography, patch dynamics, and the design of habitat preserves. Available from Google books http://books.google.com/books?id=sw2HDKyS2xwC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Ecological+studies+of+six+endangered+butterflies&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Hi1_T-WmHpPRiAL97NGxAw&ved=0CDgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Ecological%20studies%20of%20six%20endangered%20butterflies&f=false. University of California Publications in Entomology 99:1-161. Accessed 2012 Apr 6

Ballenger L. 1999. Lepus californicus. Animal Diversity Web. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lepus_californicus.html.  Accessed 2011 April 11.

Batzli GO. 1986. Nutritional ecology of the California vole: effects of food quality on reproduction. Ecology 67(2):406-412.

Birding Information.com. 2012. Western meadowlark. Accessed 2012 Dec 11.

Batzli GO, Pitelka FA. 1970. Influence of meadow mouse populations on California grassland. Ecology 51(6):1027-1039.

Black SH, Vaughan M. 2005. Species profile Speyeria zerene myrtleae (Myrtle's silverspot). In Shepherd, M. D., D. M. Vaughan, and S. H. Black, editors. Red List of Pollinator Insects of North America. CD-ROM Version 1 (May 2005). Portland OR. The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation. http://www.xerces.org/myrtles-silverspot/. Accessed 2010 Dec 15.

Bolander GL, Arnold JR. 1965. An abundance of white-tailed kites in Sonoma County, California. Condor 67:446.

Boulton AM, Jaffee BA, Scow KM. 2003. Effects of a common harvester ant (Messor andrei) on richness and abundance of soil biota. Applied Soil Ecology 23(3):257-265.

CALDA. n.d. California Lyme Disease Association. http://www.lymedisease.org/. Accessed 2010 Dec 21.

California Academy of Sciences. 2002-2010. AntWeb. http://www.antweb.org/. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

California Department of Fish and Game. 2010. California wildlife habitat relationships system. California Department of Fish and Game and California Interagency Wildlife Task Group. http://nrm.dfg.ca.gov/taxaquery/BrowseSpecies.aspx. Accessed 2010 Dec 20.

California Department of Health Services. 2005. Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases in California. [Brochure].  http://www.lymedisease.org/california/pdf/dph_lyme_brochure.pdf. Accessed 2010 Dec 21.

California Native Plant Society. 2001. The online CNPS inventory of rare and endangered plants. 7th ed. http://www.cnps.org/cnps/rareplants/inventory/. Sacramento, CA: California Native Plant Society.

California Partners in Flight. 2000. Version 1.0. The draft grassland bird conservation plan: a strategy for protecting and managing grassland habitats and associated birds in California (B. Allen, lead author). Point Reyes Bird Observatory, Stinson Beach, CA.http://www.prbo.org/calpif/pdfs/grassland.v-1.pdf. Individual species accounts available at: http://www.prbo.org/calpif/htmldocs/grassland.html;. Accessed 2010 Dec 10.

Californiaherps.com. 2010. California herps. http://www.californiaherps.com/index.html. Accessed 2010 Dec 20.

Case R.M. and B.A.Jasch. 2005. Internet Center for Wildlife Damage, University of Nebraska http://icwdm.org/handbook/rodents/PocketGophers.asp. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

Case, R. 2008. Pocket Gophers. Wildlife damage management.  "eXtension" Cooperative Extension System.http://www.extension.org/pages/9033/pocket-gophers. Accessed 2012 Apr 6.

CDCP. 2010. Parasites and health: ticks. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. DPDx Laboratory Identification of Parasites of Public Health Concern. Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria.  http://www.dpd.cdc.gov/dpdx/HTML/Ticks.htm. Accessed 2010 Dec 21.

CDFA. 2010. Insect fauna survey programs: California State Parks. California Department of Food and Agriculture, Plant Pest Diagnostics Center, Entomology Laboratory. http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/phpps/ppd/entomology/surveys_state_parks.html. Accessed 2010 Dec 21.

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