Chronological Framework for Bronze Age Alalakh

(from Boutin 2008: 19)


Woolley’s Level

Period

Absolute dates BCE

Alalakh/Mukiš allied with:

XVII-VIII

MB IIA-IIB

Late 19th-mid 17th century

Yamhad

VII

MB IIB

Mid 17th-mid 16th century

 

VI

MB IIC

Second half of 16th century

Hittites/independent

V

LB IA

First half of 15th century

Independent/Mittani

IV

LB IB-IIA

Mid 15th-late 14th century

Mittani

III-I

LB IIB

Late 14th-early 12th century

Hittites

Although Alalakh’s stratified material remains were a key element in the widespread adoption of the so-called “middle chronology,” (McClellan 1989: 181), the calendar years used here reflect the “low” chronology, which Gates (1981, 1987, 2000), Heinz (1992), McClellan (1989), and Williams (1975) have demonstrated is most suitable to Alalakh’s stratigraphy and ceramic typologies, and is accordingly followed by many scholars (e.g., Bergoffen 2005; Stein 1997; von Dassow 1997; Zeeb 2001). For recent discussion of the so-called high, middle, low, and ultra-low chronologies, see Åström 1987; Gasche et al. 1998; Manning 1999; Wiener 2003.