Publications

Magnoli, S. M., A. R. Kleinhesselink, & J. H. Cushman. 2013. Responses to invasion and invader removal differ between native and exotic plant groups in a coastal dune. Oecologia 173:1521-1530 (PDF).

Skaer, M. J., D. J. Graydon & J. H. Cushman. 2013. Community-level consequences of cattle grazing for an invaded grassland: variable responses of native and exotic vegetation. Journal of Vegetation Science 24:332-343 (PDF).

Gordon, S. P., C. M. Sloop, H. G. Davis & J. H. Cushman. 2012. Population genetic diversity and structure of two rare vernal pool grasses in central California. Conservation Genetics 13:117-130 (PDF).

Lamsal, S., R. C. Cobb, J. H. Cushman, Q. Meng, D. M. Rizzo & R. K. Meentemeyer. 2011. Spatial estimation of the density and carbon content of host populations for Phytophthora ramorum in California and Oregon. Forest Ecology & Management 262:989-998 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., C. J. Lortie & C. E. Christian. 2011. Native herbivores and plant facilitation mediate the performance and distribution of an invasive exotic grass. Journal of Ecology 99:524-531 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., J. C. Waller & D. R. Hoak. 2010. Shrubs as ecosystem engineers in a coastal dune: influences on plant populations, communities and ecosystems. Journal of Vegetation Science 21:821-831 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., & K. A. Gaffney. 2010. Community-level consequences of invasion: impacts of exotic clonal plants on riparian vegetation. Biological Invasions 12:2765-2776 (PDF).

Huntzinger, M., R. Karban & J. H. Cushman. 2008. Negative effects of vertebrate herbivores on invertebrates in a coastal dune community. Ecology 89:1972-1980 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., & R. K. Meentemeyer. 2008. Multi-scale patterns of human activity and the incidence of an exotic forest pathogen. Journal of Ecology 96:766-776 (PDF).

Meentemeyer, R. K., N. E. Rank, B. L. Anaker, D. M. Rizzo & J. H. Cushman. 2008. Influence of land-cover change on the spread of an invasive forest pathogen. Ecological Applications 18:159-171 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H. 2007. History and ecology of feral pig invasions in California grasslands. In California Grasslands: Ecology and Management (M. Stromberg, J. Corbin and C. D’Antonio). University of California Press, Berkeley, CA (PDF).

Lortie, C. J. & J. H. Cushman. 2007. Effects of a directional abiotic gradient on plant community dynamics and invasion in a coastal dune system. Journal of Ecology 95:468-481 (PDF).

Johnson, B. E., & J. H. Cushman. 2007. Large herbivore reintroduction influences plant invasion dynamics and community composition in a California grassland. Conservation Biology 21:515-526 (PDF).

Tierney, T., & J. H. Cushman 2006. Temporal changes in native and exotic vegetation and soil characteristics following disturbances by feral pigs in a California grassland. Biological Invasions 8:1073-1089 (PDF).

McNeil, S. G, & J. H. Cushman. 2005. Indirect effects of deer herbivory on local nitrogen availability in a coastal dune ecosystem. Oikos 110:124-132 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., T. A. Tierney, and J. M. Hinds. 2004. Variable effects of feral pig disturbances on native and exotic plants in a California grassland. Ecological Applications 14:1746-1756 (PDF).

Alvarez, M. E., & J. H. Cushman. 2002. Community level consequences of a biological invasion: effects of a non-native vine on three plant communities. Ecological Applications 12:1434-1444 (PDF).

Warner, P. J., & J. H. Cushman. 2002. Influence of herbivores on a perennial plant: variation with life history stage and herbivore species. Oecologia 132:77-85 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., S. G. Compton, C. Zacharides, A. B. Ware, R. J. C. Nefdt, & V. K. Rashbrook. 1998. Geographic and taxonomic distribution of a positive interaction: ant-tended homopterans indirectly benefit figs across southern Africa. Oecologia, 116:373-380 (PDF).

Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, O. E. Sala, E.-D. Schulze, & E. Medina, editors. 1996. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function: A Global Perspective. Wiley Press, New York (Link).

Orians, G. H., R. Dirzo, & J. H. Cushman, editors. 1996. Diversity and Processes in Tropical Forest Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, O. E. Sala, E.-D. Schulze, & E. Medina. 1996. The SCOPE ecosystem functioning of biodiversity program. In Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function: A Global Perspective, pages 1-6 (H.A. Mooney, J. H. Cushman, O. E. Sala, E.-D. Schulze, & E. Medina, editors). Wiley Press, New York (PDF).

Mooney, H. A., J. H. Cushman, O. E. Sala, E.-D. Schulze, & E. Medina. 1996. What have we learned about ecosystem functioning of biodiversity? In Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function: A Global Perspective, pages 475-484 (H.A. Mooney, J. H. Cushman, O. E. Sala, E.-D. Schulze, & E. Medina, editors). Wiley Press, New York (PDF).

Orians, G. H., R. Dirzo, & J. H. Cushman. 1996. Impact of biodiversity on ecosystem processes in tropical forests. In Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function: A Global Perspective, pages 213-244 (H.A. Mooney, J. H. Cushman, O. E. Sala, E.-D. Schulze, & E. Medina, editors). Wiley Press, New York (PDF).

Orians, G. H., R. Dirzo, & J. H. Cushman. 1996. Introduction. In Diversity and Processes in Tropical Forest Ecosystems, pages 1-9. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Orians, G. H., R. Dirzo, & J. H. Cushman. 1996. Synthesis. In Diversity and Processes in Tropical Forest Ecosystems, pages 195-220. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Cushman, J. H. 1995. Ecosystem-level consequences of species additions and deletions on islands. In Islands: Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Function (P. M. Vitousek, H. Adsersen, L. L. Loope, editors), pages 135-147. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Cushman, J. H., R. Dirzo, A. C. Janetos, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, & O. E. Sala. 1995. Introduction (Chapter 5.0) and Conclusions (Chapter 5.4) – Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Basic Principles (Section 5). In Global Biodiversity Assessment (United Nations Environment Programme: V. H. Heywood & R. T. Watson, editors), pages 281-282 and 323-325. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Cushman, J. H., R. Dirzo, A. C. Janetos, J. Lubchenco, H. A. Mooney, & O. E. Sala. 1995. Introduction (Chapter 6.0) and Conclusions (Chapter 6.3) – Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Ecosystem Analyses (Section 6). In Global Biodiversity Assessment (United Nations Environment Programme: V. H. Heywood & R. T. Watson, editors), pages 335 and 446-452. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Orians, G. H., R. Dirzo, J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, & S. J. Wright. 1995. Tropical Forests (Chapter 6.12) – Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Ecosystem Analyses (Section 6). In Global Biodiversity Assessment (United Nations Environment Programme: V. H. Heywood & R. T. Watson, editors), pages 339-344. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Dirzo, R., S. Naeem, & J. H. Cushman. 1995. Biotic Linkages and Ecosystem Functioning (Chapter 6.2.6) – Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Ecosystem Analyses (Section 6). In Global Biodiversity Assessment (United Nations Environment Programme: V. H. Heywood & R. T. Watson, editors), pages 427-432. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Cushman, J. H., C. L. Boggs, S. B. Weiss, D. D. Murphy, A. W. Harvey, & P. R. Ehrlich. 1994. Estimating female reproductive success of a threatened butterfly: influence of emergence time and hostplant phenology. Oecologia 99:194-200 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., V. K. Rashbrook, & A. J. Beattie. 1994. Assessing benefits to both participants in a lycaenid-ant association. Ecology 75:1031-1041 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., J. H. Lawton, & B. F. J. Manly. 1993. Latitudinal patterns in European ant assemblages: variation in species richness and body size. Oecologia 95:30-38 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., & D. D. Murphy. 1993. Conservation of North American Lycaenids – an overview. In Conservation Biology of Lycaenidae (Butterflies) (T. W. New, editor), pages 37-44. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland.

Cushman, J. H. 1993. The mission blue, Plebejus icarioides missionensis Hovanitz. In Conservation Biology of Lycaenidae (Butterflies) (T. W. New, editor), pages 139-140. International Union for the Conservation of Nature; Gland, Switzerland.

Cushman, J. H., & D. D. Murphy. 1993. Susceptibility of lycaenid butterflies to endangerment: implications for invertebrate conservation. Wings (Xerces Society) 17:16-21 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H. 1992. A politician on the environment - Albert Gore's Earth in the Balance. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 7:395-396 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., & A. J. Beattie. 1992. Determining Australia's sustainable population size. Sydney Morning Herald (January 28, page 11).

Cushman, J. H., & J. F. Addicott. 1991. Conditional interactions in ant-plant-herbivore mutualisms. In Ant-Plant Interactions (C. R. Huxley & D. F. Cutler, editors), pages 92-103. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Cushman, J. H., & A. J. Beattie. 1991. Mutualisms: assessing benefits to hosts and visitors. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 6:193-195 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., & T. G. Whitham. 1991. Competition mediating the outcome of a mutualism: ants as a limiting resource for membracids. American Naturalist 138:851-865 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H. 1991. Host-plant mediation of insect mutualisms; variable outcomes in ant-herbivore interactions. Oikos 61:138-144 (PDF).

Martinsen, G. D., J. H. Cushman, & T. G. Whitham. 1990. Impact of pocket gopher disturbances on the diversity of a prairie community. Oecologia 83:132-138 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., & T. G. Whitham. 1989. Conditional mutualism in a membracid-ant association; temporal, age-specific, and density-dependent effects. Ecology 70:1040-1047 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., & J. F. Addicott. 1989. Intra- and interspecific competition for mutualists; ants as a limited and limiting resource for aphids. Oecologia 79:315-321 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H. 1989. Vertical size gradients and migratory patterns of two Nerita species in the northern Gulf of California. Veliger 32:147-151 (PDF).

Cushman, J. H., G. D. Martinsen, & A. I. Mazeroll. 1988. Density- and size-dependent spacing of ant nests; evidence for intraspecific competition. Oecologia 77:522-525 (PDF).