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US History Since 1865
Lecture Outlines 13 & 14

The New Deal & the Road to War

I. The New Deal in the West
A. The Dam Deal (Hoover & Grand Coulee)
B. Valley Boys (Central Valley Project)
C. John Collier & the Bureau of Indian Affairs
D. Indian Reorganization (1934) & the Navajo

II. Art & Culture in the Thirties
A. Federal Writers & Art Projects
B. Depression Documents (Lange & Steinbeck)
C. The Reel Deal
D. The Swing Shift (Basie, Ellington, Goodman)

III. A New Deal for Everyone?
A. Eleanor Roosevelt & New Deal Women
B. African American Ambivalence
C. Mexican-American Repatriados
D. Communists & the Popular Front

IV. Eleanor’s Early Years (1884-1920)
A. Born in NYC 1884 (wealthy family)
B. Allenwood Academy & M. Souvestre (1899)
C. Marries Franklin Delan Roosevelt (1905)

V. Political and Social Activism
A. League of Women Voters (1920)
B. Women’s Trade Union League (1922)
C. Val-Kill Industries & Todhunter School

VI. “First Lady of the World” (1933-45)
A. Press Conferences & “My Day” (1936)
B. Democratic National Convention (1940)
C. Office of Civil Defense (1941-42)
D. FDR Dies (1945)

VII. On Her Own
A. Representative to UN (1945-53, 1961-62)
B. UN Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
C. On My Own (1958)
D. Significance: New Activist Role for First Lady

VIII. Recession & the Road to War
A. Roosevelt Recession (1937)
B. Fascism’s Rise (Hitler, Mussolini & Hirohito)
C. Fascism Fights
D. American Isolationism
E. Pearl Harbor (12.7.41)


World War II

I. Rosie the Riveter & GI Joe
A. Mobilization & Motivation
B. Buying Bonds & Propaganda
C. Big War & Big Business
D. Rosie: Rivets & Reality
E. Captain America

II. Fighting on the Home Front
A. DeWitt & Japanese Internment (1942-46)
B. Korematsu v. United States (1944)
C. A. Philip Randolph: the Double V & FEPC

III. Zoot Suit Riots (1943)
A. Sleepy Lagoon
B. Henry Leyvas, Jose Diaz, E. Duran Ayres
C. Mass Arrest, 600 Individuals

IV. Origins of the Zoot Suits
A. Pachuco Culture
C. From Counter Culture to Gang Culture
D. Zoot Suit Origin and symbolism
E. Zoot Suit Riots
F. Sailors v. Zoot Suiters

V. Historical Significance and Context
A. “Preventative Action”
B. Scapegoating of Minorities
C. Pressures of patriotism

VI. GI Joe and Jane
A. The Draft
B. Generals MacArthur & Eisenhower
C. WAC and WAVES
D. Minorities in the Military
E. Coming Out Under Fire

VII. War in Europe & Africa
A. Axis Advances & Allied Advantages
B. Stalingrad & the Red Winter (1942-43)
C. The Second Front? (1942-44)
D. The Holocaust

VIII. War in the Pacific
A. Battles of Coral Sea & Midway (1942)
B. “Island Hopping” (1943-45)
C. Guadalcanal, Philippines, Iwo Jima, & Okinawa