Read Nieswiadomy Chapter 4

1. Check out the study titles listed on page. 45. What are clues these are qualitative studies? Do these titles make your curious? Do you think.. "yeah, I've wondered that too!"

2. Why might a qualitative researcher NOT do a literature before beginning the study?

3. Why are sample sizes so small in qualitative research studies?

4. What is saturation? Think about: why might grounded theorists “buy into” the concept of saturation and phenomenologists might not?

5. How might a researcher try to assure confidentiality of study participants?

6. How might an interview in a qualitative study be different then what we usually think of in interviews?

7. What does the word  participant in participant observation mean to you?

8. What is a focus group?

Nieswiandomy: Chapter 10

9. In phenomenology, what does the term “lived experience” mean to you?

10. What is bracketing?

11. In ethnography, what is a key informant and why are they so important?  

12. Why is grounded theory called grounded theory?

13. Why is purposive sampling? (chapter 11 page 154).

14. What is snowball sampling and when do you think it would be most helpful? (page 153).

15. In grounded theory, what do you think constant comparison has to do with developing a theory?

16. In case studies what is content analysis?

17. What makes action research so unique?

From the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation site:

1. 1.What are interpretive and naturalistic in qualitative research?  (

Common research methods:

Ethnography (

2. What do ethnographers generally study?

3. What are common data collection methods used in ethnographic studies?

Grounded Theory:

4. What is constant comparative analysis?

5. What are common data collection methods used in Grounded Theory?

6. What is theoretical sampling?

7. What does it mean when a GT researcher reaches saturation?

8. What is coding and why are there different levels?


9. Phenomenology closely examines what?

10. What are common data collection methods used in phenomenology?

Case Study:

11. What is the goal of a case study?

12. What are common data collection methods used in case studies?

Action Research:

13. What are the roles of researchers and participants in action research?

14. What are common data collection methods used in action research?



Jeanette Koshar, RN, NP, PhD
Office: (707) 664-2649 | Office Hours: Wednesday 12-3, email and by appointment