Executive Council | Members & Departments | Mission | Constitution
Resolution on Foreign Language Study in the CSU
Resolution for Parity Across the Campuses for Language Course Hours
Resolution on the Diversity of Language Offerings
Statement on Class Size | Job Announcements
Useful Resources | ADA Resources
Future Meetings
| Conferences of Interest

as of Fall 2014


Sandra Perez-Linggi


Vice President

Bernice Bass de Martínez



Suzanne Toczyski


Northern Representative

Rob Manheimer

Maritime Academy

Southern Representative

Aurora Wolfgang

San Bernardino

CLTA Representative Yoshiko Saito-Abbott Monterey Bay

Past President

Edith Benkov

San Diego

Ex-officio Leo Van Cleve Chancellor's Office


CSU FLC Members
& Department Websites

CSU Bakersfield ~ Teresa Fernandez-Ulloa & Anthony Nuño,

CSU Channel Islands ~ Stephen Clark (chair) & Antonio Jiménez Jiménez,,

CSU Chico ~ Patricia Black (chair) & Antonio Arreguin Bermudez,

CSU Dominguez Hills ~ Ivonne Heinze-Balcazar (chair) & Miguel Dominguez,,, and

CSU East Bay ~ Monique Manopoulos (chair) & Marcelo Paz,

CSU Fresno ~ Kristi Eastin & Rosemarie Kuhn,

CSU Fullerton ~ Reyes Fidalgo (chair) & Sandra Pérez-Linggi,

Humboldt State University ~ Rosamel Benavides & Joseph Diémé,

CSU Long Beach ~ Markus Muller (chair) & Kiyomi Chinen,

CSU Los Angeles ~ Maria Costa (chair) & Gretchen Angelo

Maritime Academy ~ Robert Manheimer,

CSU Monterey Bay ~ Yoshiko Saito-Abbott (chair) and Donaldo Urioste,

CSU Northridge ~ Brian Castronovo (chair) & Adrian Perez-Boluda,

Cal Poly Pomona ~ Isabel Bustamante-Lopez (chair) & Amalia Llombart,

CSU Sacramento ~ Bernice Bass de Martínez (chair)

CSU San Bernardino ~ Rafael Correa (chair) & Elizabeth Martin,

San Diego State University ~ Anne Donadey (European Studies) & Alda Blanco (Spanish), (European Studies), (Linguists) and (Spanish). Also: LARC, (Director Mary Ann Lyman-Hager) + past president, Edith Benkov

San Francisco State University ~ Chris Concolino & Mohammed Salama,

San Jose State ~ Damian Bacich (chair) & Jean-Luc Desalvo,

Cal Poly San Luis Obispo ~ John Thompson (interim chair) & Fernando Fabio Sanchez,

CSU San Marcos ~ Michael Hughes (chair) & Marion Geiger,

Sonoma State University ~ Christine Renaudin (chair) & ____, (note: Suzanne Toczyski, Sonoma, is FLC Secretary-Treasurer, non-voting).

CSU Stanislaus ~ Jason Winfree (chair) & Manuel Murrieta Saldívar,




  • To provide vision and leadership for the teaching of languages other than English and their literatures and cultures
  • To promote quality in the teaching of languages other than English and their literatures and cultures
  • To support the diversity of language programs across the CSU
  • To encourage research and scholarship in language, literature and culture
  • To share expertise among the CSU community
  • To promote collaborative endeavors within the CSU community and beyond
  • To promote internationalization of the curriculum




Article I: Name

The name of this organization shall be "The Foreign Language Council of the California State University."

Article II: Purpose

The purpose of this organization is to encourage the advancement and effective teaching of Foreign Languages in the CSU and the State of California.

Article III: Nature of Organization

The Foreign Language Council is an independent professional organization of professors of foreign languages in the CSU. To insure participation in foreign languages matters in California and the nation, the Council is affiliated with the California Language Teachers Association (CLTA) and the Association of Departments of Foreign Languages (ADFL).

Article IV: Voting Membership

1. Voting membership on the Foreign Language Council shall be made up of no more than two (2) full-time faculty members from each campus, one of whom shall be a Department Chair or Coordinator of his/her designated replacement. The second representative shall be nominated and elected by faculty members who teach foreign languages. If a representative cannot attend a meeting, the campus may send an alternate.

2. Membership for elected representatives of the Council shall be for two (2) academic years.

3. On campuses where languages are taught in only one department all Council representatives shall be elected from that department.

4. On campuses where languages are taught in more than one department, the departments involved, through consultation, shall decide how the two campus representatives are to be distributed among the departments. Once this distribution has been determined, representatives shall then be elected.

Article V: Officers of the Foreign Language Council

1. The officers of the Foreign Language Council shall be:
Representative-at-large (North)
Representative-at-large (South)

2. The officers shall be elected by the membership of the Council. The President and Vice-President shall be elected in odd-numbered years and the two Representatives-at-large in even-numbered years. The term of office shall be three (3) years for the Secretary/Treasurer and two (2) for all other officers. The term of office for each officer shall normally begin with the close of the spring meeting. In the event of special elections to fill vacated offices, the officer shall assume his/her duties immediately upon election. At least one of the Representatives-at-large shall be faculty member from a language other than French, German, and Spanish.

3. A Nominating Committee of five members shall be elected from the Council membership at the fall meeting and shall serve for two years. The Nominating Committee shall solicit nominations from the membership, and shall prepare a slate of nominees. Any Council member may be nominated by petition signed by five voting members of the Council and submitted to the Nominating Committee. Nominations shall close no later than six weeks before the spring meeting.

4. Election of officers shall be conducted by mail ballot. Ballots shall be distributed by the Secretary immediately upon the close of nominations, and shall be returned by mail and postmarked no later than ten (10) days prior to the spring meeting. Each Council representative shall receive one (1) ballot. If no nominations are received or fewer than one-half of the current membership voted by mail prior to the meeting, officers may be nominated and elected from the floor at the spring meeting.

5. The President shall preside over all meetings of the Council and Executive Committee, and direct the affairs of the organization.

6. The Vice-President shall carry out duties assigned to him/her by the President, and shall preside in the absence of the President.

7. The Secretary/Treasurer shall keep accurate records of the membership and proceedings of the organization, and shall have custody of these records. The Secretary/Treasurer shall be responsible for the receipt and disbursement of all Council funds, shall keep an accurate record of these funds, and shall prepare an annual financial report. The fiscal year shall be the academic year.

8. The Representatives-at large shall serve as a liaison between the Executive Committee and campuses, and shall facilitate the planning of the agenda for Council meetings.

9. In the event of a vacancy in the office of President, the Vice-President shall assume that office through the current academic year. Any other vacancy among the officers shall be filled by appointment by the Executive Committee until the next regular election.

Article VI: Recall of Officers

1. If an officer does not carry out his/her duties, and by such neglect places the work of the Council in jeopardy, he/she shall be notified by the Executive Committee about the initiation of the recall process.

2. At least 25% of the voting membership shall be required to initiate the recall process. A signed written petition shall be sent to the Executive Committee.

3. Two-thirds (2/3) of the total membership of the Council shall be required to vote in favor of the removal of an officer to complete the recall.

Article VII: Operation of the Council

1. The Executive Committee of the Council shall be composed of the five elected officers, plus the (non-voting) immediate past president. The Executive Committee shall set the agenda for meetings, manage the budget and conduct the affairs of the organization.

2. The President in consultation with the Executive Committee, shall appoint such additional committees and their chairs as needed to conduct the affairs of the organization.

3. The Council shall hold two (2) meetings annually one in the fall and one in the spring.

4. Additional meetings may be called by the Executive Committee, or by written petition from the majority of the membership to the Executive Committee.

5. A quorum shall exist when a majority of the campuses are represented at a meeting.

Article VIII Fiscal Affairs

1. Changes in the amount of the annual dues shall be proposed by the Executive Committee and voted on by the Council at the fall or spring meeting. The annual dues for the Council shall be by campus. Dues shall be collected by the Secretary/Treasurer.

2. A registration fee for each meeting may be required of each Council member attending the meeting.

Article IX: Amendments to the Constitution

1. Amendments to this Constitution may be proposed at any meeting or by written petition to the Executive Committee by at least 25% of the membership.

2. An amendment to the Constitution shall be adopted when two thirds (2/3) of the membership of the Council vote in favor of it.

3. Voting will be by mail, the schedule and procedures of which shall be determined by the Executive Committee.

Article X: Representation from the Chancellor's Office and the Academic Senate of the CSU

The Foreign Language Council may invite to Council meetings, the Chancellor of the CSU and the Chairman of the Academic Senate of the CSU, or their designated representatives, to serve as ex-officio, non-voting members.

This Constitution was ratified by the voting membership of the Foreign Language Council at its April 24, 1987 meeting in Los Angeles, California

It was amended on October 23, 1998.




October 3, 2008

WHEREAS all freshmen must have completed at least two years of high school foreign language study or its equivalent to enter the CSU; and

WHEREAS transfer students may not have met the minimum freshman requirements and are therefore disadvantaged; and

WHEREAS two years of high school foreign language study is generally considered to be the equivalent of one year of college work; and

WHEREAS the notion of "value added" by the Bachelors degree assumes that students build on previously acquired skills; and

WHEREAS the Access to Excellence statement of the CSU includes as an indicator of excellence  "an increase from entry to graduation in the extent to which CSU students gain and improve global understanding and foreign language skills so they  can compete in the global economy and participate  in a global society;”

Therefore, be it

RESOLVED that the Foreign Language Council urge the Chancellor's Office to require that all students earning a Bachelors degree from the CSU have coursework in a foreign language that exceeds the freshman entrance requirement so that they may truly have a "value added" experience;

And be it further resolved that this resolution be distributed to the Provosts in all twenty-three universities in the CSU system.




October 3, 2008

WHEREAS we, The California State University Foreign Language Council, believe that contact hours correlate with language acquisition and the amount of material one can cover in a semester, and

WHEREAS articulation agreements between California Community Colleges and the CSU system (Lower Division Transfer Pattern (LDTP)) require that transfer language classes meet minimum requirements of 4 semester units per course, and

WHEREAS the CSU Academic Senate has passed a resolution to assist with articulation between CSU campuses that utilizes LDTP course descriptors for CSU to CSU transfers and these protocols call for second-year Spanish courses to be a minimum of 4 units each, (

WHEREAS we believe intra-CSU transfer students should not have to repeat a lower division language course taken at another CSU before advancing to upper division courses at a different campus, and

WHEREAS we believe that study abroad in universities and colleges is an extremely valuable experience for our students and generally assumes a certain number of units of coursework in the target language, and

WHEREAS most commercially published textbooks assume 4 or 5 hours a week of contact time for a full year to complete a course,

Therefore, be it

RESOLVED that The California State University Foreign Language Council recommend that first-year language courses meet a minimum of four hours per week. This recommendation will not necessarily apply to heritage speaker classes and conversation classes.





April 16, 2004

WHEREAS, the California State University is dedicated to the serving the needs of the community and its diverse populations, and

WHEREAS, the population of California, with its ties to communities and countries throughout the world, is in a key position to foster cultural understanding and political and economic connections, and

WHEREAS, linguistic diversity is a key element in understanding the many cultures in California and the world, and

WHEREAS, the diversity of language offerings is threatened in many of our schools and universities, and an October 2003 report by the National Association of State Boards of Education warns that foreign language programs risk becoming a "lost curriculum," and

WHEREAS, the current situation in the world exemplifies the danger that arises when cultures are unable to communicate with and understand each other, and

WHEREAS, it is not always easy to predict which languages will be economically or geopolitically important to our nation in the future, and

WHEREAS, developing proficiency in the language and culture of a country requires many years of study,

Therefore, be it

RESOLVED that The California State University Foreign Language Council declare the diversity of language offerings in university departments to be a crucial aspect of the mission of the California State University, and be it further

RESOLVED that the Council enjoin its member departments to maintain diversity of language offerings with financial and programmatic support, and be it further

RESOLVED that the Council vehemently oppose any attempt to eliminate programs on the basis of temporary budgetary problems, misconceptions about the nature of linguistic and cultural study in our departments, or unwillingness to support the necessary diversity of our programs, and be it further

RESOLVED that a copy of this resolution be sent to Charles Reed, Chancellor of the California State University, as well as the Academic Vice Presidents and Deans of the appropriate colleges at all twenty-three California State University campuses.



April 16, 2004

The current budget crisis in the state of California has been used on some campuses as a justification for raising course enrollment limits in various disciplines. The CSU Foreign Language Council, mindful of the Supplemental Budget Language that directs campuses to spare instruction wherever possible, strongly opposes any outside pressure on departments to raise enrollments.

Modern language pedagogy stresses the communicative approach, wherein students spend the vast majority of classtime conversing on topics relevant to their interests and skill levels. The linguistic elements and cultural input that form the basis of this communication are thus practiced and internalized under the supervision and with the guidance and corrections of the instructor.

Students in communicative language classes often work in pairs or groups, which makes the instructor's interaction with individual students even more crucial. The instructor's responsibilities in this mode of instruction include correct modeling of the linguistic elements being practiced as well as individual and group correction. Furthermore, instructors must work with students to develop critical thinking skills necessary to interpret cultural values and institutions. An excessive number of students in the class seriously diminishes each student's learning experience.

The longstanding benchmark enrollments for our courses reflect sound pedagogical practices that produce the desired learning outcomes. These benchmarks cannot be set aside without proper consultation, and must be modified only with the input of the faculty who best know their own discipline and the pedagogical expectations to which they are held.

Although we acknowledge the difficult budgetary situation, the need for cost-cutting cannot be allowed to undermine the quality of instruction. Increasing course enrollments in language courses is not merely an additional burden for the teacher; far more importantly, it prevents the students from experiencing sufficient meaningful practice in the language and results in a dangerous shift in the nature of the learning experience.



SONOMA STATE UNIVERSITY'S DEPARTMENT OF MODERN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES seeks to hire a (TENURE TRACK) ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF SPANISH (starting mid-August 2016).  Refer to 104038 on all correspondence and inquiries regarding this position.  DUTIES OF THE POSITION:  The position will include teaching responsibilities in both lower division and upper division courses, as well as opportunities to teach in the Spanish M.A. program. The successful candidate is a Latin American generalist with a strong focus in the Colonial period and its relevance to post-colonial contexts. A Trans- Atlantic specialty with the ability to teach Golden Age Literature is a plus. Experience with and commitment to teaching heritage language learners and the ability to teach language, literature and culture, as needed. The selected candidate should have some background or interest in interdisciplinary teaching and collaborative curriculum development. The candidate should possess native or near-native fluency in Spanish, evidence of successful teaching experience at the university level, familiarity with and interest in innovative pedagogies for liberal arts education, and the ability to work with a diverse student population. The candidate should demonstrate an interest and/or experience in international education, such as study abroad.  PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS:  To be recommended for appointment, the candidate must have a Ph.D in Spanish or a related field, e.g. Hispanic Languages and Literatures. ABD applicants will be expected provided that the degree is held by August 22, 2016. A minimum of two years of university teaching experience is required for the position, as well as evidence of scholarly potential. Candidates should possess native or near-native fluency in Spanish. The ability to teach additional languages is desired but not required.  To be recommended for tenure, the candidate must demonstrate satisfactory performance in four areas:  teaching effectiveness; scholarship, research, creative achievement and professional development; service to the University; and public service and service to the community.  Although tenure may be granted at any time, contract provisions specify that "the normal period of probation shall be a total of six (6) years of full-time probationary service and credited service, if any.  Any deviation from the normal six (6) year probationary period shall be the decision of the President following his/her consideration of recommendations from the department or equivalent unit and appropriate administrator(s).” Tenure is required for promotion above the level of Associate Professor.  RANK AND SALARY: The salary range is approximately $58,000 - $63,000.  HOW TO APPLY:  Do not send materials to To apply for this position, go to and select Job Opportunities. If you are not currently employed at Sonoma State University, select the External Applicants box. You will be redirected to a list of all available jobs at Sonoma State University. Find and select the faculty position you are applying for to view the description and select Apply Now. If you have not applied for a job at Sonoma State University previously you will be asked to Register Now in order to proceed. After submitting the application letter and curriculum vitae, please proceed to My Career Tools to attach the additional required documents. Your statement of research interests may be a statement of scholarship and/or creative activity if appropriate to your discipline. PDFs are the preferred format for all submissions. Once you have submitted all materials, a confirmation email will be automatically sent to you. If you encounter difficulties during the application process, please email  Please submit:  Required:  Application letter; Curriculum vitae; Statement of Research Interests; Teaching Philosophy.  NOTE:  Letters of Recommendation will be requested from finalists only. Official transcripts may be required at the time of hire.  Sonoma State University hires only individuals lawfully authorized to work in the United States. All offers of employment are contingent upon presentation of documents demonstrating the appointee’s identity and eligibility to work, in accordance with the provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act.  APPLICATION DEADLINE:  November 30, 2015.  Questions concerning this position:  Dr. Parissa Tadrissi, Search Committee Chair, or 707.664.3164. Questions concerning the application process:   This is an EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY.







Compiled by:  Patricia Miller, Director-
Barbara Ann Ward Language Center, CSU-Northridge
Spring 2007, from a variety of sources

Understanding access limitations

20% of the American population has a disability (the elderly included), that is approximately 55 million individuals.

Popular Resource

  • Video: Keeping Web Accessibility in Mind
  • Video: Experiences of Students with Disabilities


ADA Section 508 - Basic timeline and overview

  • Added by Congress to Title V of the Rehabilitation Act in 1986
  • Local, State & Federal Agencies that procure, maintain and/or use Electronic and Information Technology (EIT) must provide equal access for all persons with disabilities
  • 1996 Department of Justice ruling makes it clear that ADA accessibility requirements apply to Internet resources.  (
  • Accessibility is a universal issue that involves all disciplines
  • Academic freedom VS statutory requirement

The major categories of disability types are:

  • Visual ~ Blindness, low vision, color-blindness
  •  Hearing ~ Deafness
  •  Motor ~ Inability to use a mouse, slow response time, limited fine motor control
  •  Cognitive ~ Learning disabilities, distractibility, and inability to remember or focus on large amounts of information

Common WWW Access Hazards

  • Cannot see graphics because of visual impairments
  • Cannot hear audio because of hearing impairments
  • Slow Internet connections and modems will not allow for easy download of large files
  • Poorly constructed/organized sites with unclear directions make navigation precarious for ESL individuals and for those with learning disabilities.

Access Mindful Hardware and Software

  • Information delivery is dependant on appropriate Assistive Technology: ¨Screen Readers & Magnification Devices:
  • ¨Close captioning & Video Description = Software that allow to create captioning and decoding for the hearing impaired
  • ¨Adaptive keyboards or keyboards overlay= ¨Alternative Augmentative Communications devices with programmed menus that allow non-verbal individuals to ‘speak’ aloud by pressing buttons.

General Types of Assistive Technology (Computer Input and Output Devices) that may be used by an individual accessing the web

1.            Text to Speech (Output)  Microsoft
2.            Screen Readers Software (Output) IBM homepage
3.            Screen Enlargers (Output)
4.            Speech Synthesizers (Output)
5.            Voice Activated Control - Speech to Text (Input)
6.            Physical Input Devices: trackballs, mouth sticks, head wands, pencil grips and keyboards (Input)

Accessibility verification tools and support

  • WebAim– AIS Toolbar = Free software for checking web site accessibility: document structure, colors, HTML, CSS, links, images. You can obtain the Download from the Site of Web Accessibility Tools
  • HiSoftware – AccVerify/Repair = AccVerify is a software product from HiSoftware ( which is used to validate web pages for compliance with web accessibility guidelines such as Section 508c, or the W3C. AccVerify will review your web pages and generate reports which indicate where you have accessibility problems.  It also uses an Interviewer to assist you in making many of the visual checks required of your web pages.  A history can be kept of your accessibility reports so you can compare your current web page’s errors to those in the past. NOTE: A basic guide to using AccVerify/Repair software can be found at:
  • Color Contract/Color blindness check (Web Accessibility Tools Consortium): The Color Contrast Analyzer (CCA) is useful to help determine, in particular, the legibility of text on a web page and the legibility of image based representations of text. Assessing conformance with Checkpoint 2.2 of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines and checkpoint1.0 of the WCAG requires that"foreground and background color combinations provide sufficient contrast when viewed by someone having color deficits, or when viewed on a black and white screen." Use the CCA to test color combinations against the W3C's suggested algorithms for determining "sufficient contrast"

[Added subsequent to the information above, courtesy of CLTA:]

"A World Awaits You: A Journal of Success in International Exchange for People with Disabilities" features Accessing Foreign Languages as its November 2007 Issue  November 6, 2007- While U.S. high school students with disabilities increasingly enroll in foreign language courses, they still lag behind their non-disabled peers. In the seventh online issue of A World Awaits You (AWAY), published by Mobility International USA and the National Clearinghouse on Disability and Exchange, foreign language educators, English language instructors, disability providers and students with disabilities share their strategies of success in the foreign language classroom. This web-based, cross-disability journal describes successful experiences, lessons learned, and frequently asked questions such as:  What teaching strategies or classroom accommodations benefit students with learning, cognitive, hearing or vision disabilities? How can I use adaptive technology in learning a foreign language at home and abroad? What do I need to know about sign interpreting in a foreign language class? Why is it beneficial to learn a foreign language overseas and how do I manage once there? Are there opportunities for me to teach my native language overseas?  

To read this AWAY issue, go to:  For more information on how people with disabilities can participate in all types of international exchange programs, contact:  National Clearinghouse on Disability and Exchange Tel/TTY: (541) 343-1284 Fax:  (541) 343-6812 Email: Web: <>   The National Clearinghouse on Disability and Exchange is sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the U.S. Department of State and administered by Mobility International USA.




CSU-FLC Fall Meeting dates are determined on a year-by-year basis.
Fall 2015: Cal Poly Pomona




Page last updated October 14, 2015.