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Sue Taylor Parker
Emeritus Professor of Anthropology
Sonoma State University
Rohnert Park, CA 94928

parker@sonoma.edu



Education:

1957-58 (Humanities) Reed College, Portland, Oregon
1958-62 (Anthropology) Syracuse University, New York
1966 A.B. (Anthropology) University of California, Berkeley (as Sue Branscomb)
1969 M.A. (Anthropology) University of California, Berkeley
1973 Ph.D. (Anthropology) University of California, Berkeley

Teaching and Professional Positions :

1968-1969 Teaching Assistant, Physical and Cultural Anthropology, UCB
1969-1970 Teaching Associate, Physical Anthropology, UCB
197l-1975 Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Sonoma State College (SSC)
1975-1983 Associate Professor of Anthropology, SSC
198l-1982 Chairman, Department of Anthropology, Sonoma State University (SS College became SS University in 1978)
1983-2002 Professor of Anthropology, Sonoma State University (SSU)
1984 (summer) Visiting Lecturer, Department of Psychology, UC Berkeley
1986 (fall) Senior Research Fulbright Fellow, C.N.R. Rome
1992-1995 Chairman, Department of Anthropology (SSU)
2000-2002 Coordinator, Interdisciplinary Studies in Human Development (SSU)
2002 Emeritus Professor, Sonoma State University

Honors:
2001- Fellow of the California Academy of Sciences

Publications:

DISSERTATION:

Piaget's Sensorimotor Series in an Infant Macaque: The Organization of Nonstereotyped Behavior in the Evolution of Intelligence . Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, 1973.

BOOKS:

Origins of Intelligence: The Evolution of Cognitive Development in Apes and Humans
, Sue Parker and Michael McKinney, Johns Hopkins University Press. 1999. (Volume Description)

Darwin ’s Legacy: Scenarios in Human Evolution
, Sue T. Parker and Karin Enstam Jaffe, Alta Mira Press 2008. (Volume Description)

EDITED BOOKS:

"Language" and Intelligence in Monkeys & Apes: A Developmental Approach
Cambridge University Press. Edited by Sue Parker and Kathleen Gibson. 1990. (Volume Description)

Self-Awareness in Animals and Humans
Cambridge University Press, Edited by Sue Parker, Maria Boccia and Robert Mitchell. 1994. (Volume Description)

Reaching into Thought: The Minds of Great Apes
. Cambridge University Press. Edited by Anne Russon, Kim Bard & Sue Parker. 1996. (Volume Description)

Naming Our Ancestors: An Anthology of Hominid Taxonomy
, edited by Eric Meikle & Sue Parker. Waveland Press. 1994.

The Mentalities of Gorillas and Orangutans in Comparative Perspective
, edited by Sue Parker, Robert Mitchell, and H. Lyn Miles, Cambridge University Press. 1999. (Volume Description)

Brains, Biology, and Behavior: The Evolution of Human Behavioral Ontogeny
, edited by Sue Parker, Michael McKinney & Jonas Langer. School of American Research Press. 2000. (Volume Description)

Biology and Knowledge Revisited: From Neurogenesis to Psychogenesis
, edited by Sue Parker, Jonas Langer, and Constance Milbrath, Erlbaum, 2005. (Volume Description)

BOOK ARTICLES :

Piaget's Sensorimotor Period Series in an Infant Macaque: A Model for Comparing Unstereotyped Behavior and Intelligence in Human and Nonhuman Primates. In Primate Biosocial Development. S. Chevalier-Skolnikoff and F. Poirier, editors. New York. Garland Publishers. pp: 43-112. 1977.

The Importance of Theory for Reconstructing the Evolution of Language and Intelligence in Early Hominids. In Advanced Views on Primate Biology. Proceedings of the VIIIth Congress of the International Primatological Society, Florence 1980). A. B. Chiarelli and R. S. Corruccini, editors (Sue Parker & Kathleen Gibson) Springer-Verlag. pp: 42-64. 1982.

Playing for Keeps: An Evolutionary Perspective on Human Games. In Play in Animals and Humans. Peter K. Smith, editor. Blackwell. London. pp: 271-293. 1984.

Higher Intelligence as an Adaptation for Social and Technological Strategies in Early Homo sapiens. In Evolution and Development George Butterworth, Julie Rutkowska, and Michael Scaife, editors. Harvester Press and University of Chicago Press. pp: 83-101. 1985.

The Origins of Symbolic Communication: An Evolutionary Cost-Benefit Model. In Symbolism and Knowledge. vol. 8. Cahiers de la Fondation Archives Jean Piaget. pp: 7-28. September 1987.

Why Big Brains Are So Rare: Energy Costs of Intelligence and Brain Size in Anthropoid Primates. In 'Language' and Intelligence in Monkeys and Apes. S. T. Parker & K.R. Gibson, eds. Cambridge University Press. pp: 129-155. 1990.

The Origins of Comparative Developmental Evolutionary Studies of Primate Mental Abilities. In 'Language' and Intelligence in Monkeys and Apes. S. T. Parker & K.R. Gibson, eds. Cambridge University Press. pp: 3- 63. 1990.

How Scientific Usages Reflect Implicit Theories: Adaptation, Development, Instinct, Learning, Cognition and Intelligence, (Sue Parker & Bernard Baars). In 'Language' and Intelligence in Monkeys & Apes. S.T. Parker & K.R. Gibson, eds. Cambridge U. Press. pp: 65-95.1990.

The Role of Innate Motor Patterns in Ontogenetic and Experiential Development of Intelligent Use of Sticks in Cebus Monkeys. (Sue Parker & Patricia Poti'). In 'Language' and Intelligence in Monkeys & Apes. S.T. Parker & K.R. Gibson, eds. Cambridge U. Press. pp: 219-245.1990.

Higher Intelligence, Propositional Language, and Culture Are Adaptations for Planning. (with Constance Milbrath).In Tools, Language, & Cognition in Human Evolution, K.R. Gibson & T. Ingold, eds. (Proceedings of Wenner-Gren Conference in Cascais Portugal, 1990) Cambridge U. Press. pp: 314-333.1993.

Contributions of Imitation and Role Playing Games to the Construction of Self in Primates (Sue Parker & Constance Milbrath) In Self-Awareness in Animals and Humans. S.T. Parker, Mitchell & Boccia (Eds.) Cambridge U. Press. pp: 108-128.1994.

Incipient Mirror Self-Recognition in Zoo Gorillas and Chimpanzees. In Self-Awareness in Animals and Humans. S.T. Parker, Mitchell & Boccia (Eds.) Cambridge U. Press. pp: 301-308.1994

Through the Looking Glass and Beyond: Comparative Developmental Approaches to Self-Awareness. (Parker, Mitchell & Boccia ) In Self- Awareness in Animals and Humans. Parker, Mitchell & Boccia (Eds.) Cambridge U. Press. pp: 3-19.1994

Evolving Self-awareness. (Parker & Mitchell ) In Self- Awareness in Animals and Humans. Parker, Mitchell & Boccia (Eds.) Cambridge U. Press. pp :413-427.1994

Anthropomorphism is the Null Hypothesis and Recaptipulation is the Bogey Man in Comparative Developmental Evolutionary Studies. In Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes and Animals. Robert Mitchell, Nick Thompson & H. Lyn Miles (Eds.) SUNY Press, pp: 348-362. 1997

Apprenticeship in Tool-mediated Extractive Foraging: The Origins of Imitation, Teaching and Self-awareness in Great Apes, in Reaching Into Thought: The Minds of Great Apes, Anne Russon, Kim Bard, & Sue Parker (Eds.) Cambridge U. Press. pp: 348-370.1996.

On the Wild Side of Culture and Cognition in the Great Apes, (Parker & Russon) In Reaching into Thought: The Minds of Great Apes. Anne Russon, Kim Bard, & Sue Parker (Eds.) Cambridge U. Press. pp: 430-470.1996.

Using Cladistic Analysis of Comparative Data to Reconstruct the Evolution of Cognitive Development in Hominids . In Phylogenies and the Comparative Method in Animal Behavior, Emilia Martins (Ed.) Oxford University Press. pp: 361-398. 1996

The Evolution and Development of Self-knowledge: Adaptations for Assessing the Nature of Self Relative to that of Conspecifics. In Piaget, Evolution and Development, Jonas Langer and Melanie Killen (Eds.) Erlbaum. (pp: 171-191) 1998.

A Social Selection Model for the Evolution and Adaptive Significance of Self-Conscious Emotions. In Self-Awareness: Its Nature and Development, Michael Ferrari and Robert J. Sternberg (Eds.), Guilford Press:( pp 108-134). 1998.

Human Behavior: Its Evolution, The Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa: Archaeology, History, Languages, Culture, and Environments. Joseph O. Vogel (Ed.) Alta Mira Press, pp: 1997

The Evolutionary Relationship Between Molar Eruption and Cognitive Development. Human Evolution Through Developmental Change , Nancy Minugh-Purvis and Michael McKinney (Eds.) Johns Hopkins University Press. 2001.

The Development of Intelligence and Social Roles in Play in an Infant Gorilla. In The Mentalities of Gorillas and Orangutans, Sue T. Parker, Robert W. Mitchell, and H. Lyn Miles (Eds.) Cambridge University Press. 1999.

Life history and development in great apes. In The Mentalities of Gorillas and Orangutans, Sue T. Parker, Robert W. Mitchell, and H. Lyn Miles (Eds.) Cambridge University Press. 1999.

A survey of tool use in zoo gorillas. (Sue Parker, Hal Markowitz, Jay Gould, and Mary Kerr) in The Mentalities of Gorillas and Orangutans, Sue T. Parker, Robert W. Mitchell, and H. Lyn Miles (Eds.) Cambridge University Press. 1999.

The cognition of gorillas and orangutans in phylogenetic perspective. (S. Parker & Rbt. Mitchell,). In The Mentalities of Gorillas and Orangutans, Sue T. Parker, Robert W. Mitchell, and H. Lyn Miles (Eds.) Cambridge University Press. 1999.

Homo erectus Infancy and Childhood, The Turning Point in the Evolution of Hominid Behavioral Ontogeny, In Biology, Bodies and Behavior: The Evolution of Human Development, Sue Parker, Michael McKinney & Jonas Langer (Eds.)
School of American Research Press. 2000

Comparative Developmental Evolutionary Biology, Anthropology, and Psychology: Convergences in the Study of Human Behavioral Ontogeny, In Biology Bodies and Behavior: The Evolution of Human Development, Sue Parker, Michael McKinney & Jonas Langer (Eds.) School of American Research Press. 2000
The Comparative Method in Studies of Cognitive Evolution. In Nonhuman Primates. P. C. Dolhinow & A. Fuentes (Eds.) (pp: 246-251) Mayfield. 1999.

Evolutionary And Developmental Origins Of Social And Ecological Cognition In Wild Chimpanzees And Hamadryas Baboons. In The Evolution of Thought: Evolutionary Origins of Great Ape Intelligence, A. E. Russon & D. R. Begun (eds.) Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Comparative Developmental Evolutionary Psychology and Cognitive Ethology: Contrasting But Compatible Approaches, In Animal Cognition C. Allen, M. Bekoff, & G. Burghardt (eds.) M.I.T. Press, 2002

Piaget’s Legacy in Cognitive Constructivism, Phenotype Development and Evolution in Biology and Knowledge Revisited, Parker, Langer & Milbrath (eds.) Erlbaum, 2005

Piaget’s Phenocopy Model Revisited: A Brief History of Ideas about the Origins of AdaptiveGenetic Variations in Biology and Knowledge Revisited, Parker, Langer & Milbrath (eds.) Erlbaum, 2005

JOURNAL ARTICLES :

Object Manipulation, Tool Use, and Sensorimotor Intelligence as Feeding Adaptations in Cebus Monkeys and Great Apes. Journal of Human Evolution. Vol. 6:623-64l. 1977 (Sue T. Parker & Kathleen Gibson).

A Developmental Model for the Evolution of Language and Intelligence in Early Hominids. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Vol. 2 (2): 367-407 (Sue Parker & Kathleen Gibson), 1979. (Published with 22 Commentaries.)

A Social-Technological Model for the Evolution of Language. Current Anthropology. December, 1985. Vol. 26 (5): 617-639 (with commentaries).

A Sexual Selection Model for Hominid Evolution. Human Evolution. Vol. 2(3): 235-253. 1987.
A Developmental Model for the Origins of Self-Awareness in Great Apes and Human Infants. Human Evolution vol.(5-6): 435-449. 1991.

Imitation and Circular Reactions as Evolved Mechanisms for Cognitive Construction. Human Development vol. 36:309-323. 1993.

A General Model for the Adaptive Function of Self-Knowledge in Animals and Humans. Consciousness and Cognition. 6:75-86. 1997.

BOOK REVIEWS :

Book review of Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. by L.S. Vygotsky. The American Anthropologist. Vol. 8l: 956-7. (1979).
Hans Up or Hans Down? Book review of The Clever Hans Phenomenon: Communication with Horses, Whales, Apes, and People. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. Vol. 364. Thomas Sebeok and Robert Rosenthal, editors.
Journal of Social and Biological Structures vol. 6(2): 178-180. (1983).

Book review of Animal Intelligence by Stephen Walker. American Anthropologist. Vol. 86(2): 489-90. (1984).

Book review of Primate Communication. C. T. Snowdon, C.H. Brown, & M.R. Petersen, editors. Man Vol. 19 (1): 159. (1984).

Book review of Human Evolution, Language and Mind. Wm. Noble & Iain Davidson, American Antiquity (1997)

Book review of Good Natured. Frans de Waal. American Journal of Physical Anthropology (1997)

Book review of Primate Cognition by Michael Tomasello & Josep Call. Quarterly Review of Biology, vol. 74 (1998)

Strangers on a Train, Book review of Biosocial Perspective on Children edited by C. Panter-Brick, Biosciences. 2000.

Book review of Java Man by Garniss Curtiss, Carl Swisher, III and Roger Lewin, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. 2001

LETTERS AND COMMENTARIES :

Species-specific Acquisition vs. Universal Sequence of Acquisition: Comment on "The Stage Question in Cognitive-Developmental Theory" by Charles Brainerd. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Vol. 1.(l and 2). 1978.

Brain Structure, Piaget, and Adaptation or "No, I Think, Therefore I Eat." Reply to Continuing Commentary on "A Developmental Model..." The Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Vol. 5 (2): 288-292. (Kathleen Gibson & Sue Parker). 1982.

Intelligent Locomotion? Leaping to Conclusions About Orangutan Intelligence. Letter to the Editor. Journal of Human Evolution. Vol. l2: 495-97. 1983.

King Fails to Distinguish Among Various Kinds of Extractive Foraging, Various Kinds of Object Manipulation, and Various Kinds of Cognition. Letter to the Editor Human Evolution. Vol. 2(4): 379-381. 1987.

Putting All Cetacean Brains in One Category is a Big Order. Commentary on Implications of the "initial brain" concept for brain evolution in Cetacea, by Glezer, Jacobs, & Morgane in Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Vol. 11(1): 97-98. July 1988.

Imitation and Derivative Reactions: Commentary on "Spontaneous tool use and sensorimotor intelligence in Cebus as
compared with other monkeys and apes" by S. Chevalier-Skolnikoff. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 12(3): 604. September 1989

Early Hominid Mating Systems. Letter to Science. 246(4927): 195.1989. Commentary on “Origins of Man” by Owen Lovejoy

Corrections to Chevalier-Skolnikoff's Appendix: Collaborative Origins of Cebus and Gorilla Data. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 14(2) pp: 370-371. 1991.

"Robustness" of Implicit Processes: Artifact or Evidence of Antiquity? Commentary on "The Cognitive Unconscious: An Evolutionary Perspective" by Arthur S. Reber. Consciousness & Cognition. Vol. 1(2): 134-138. 1992.

Language without Communication? An Eccentric View of Language Evolution. Commentary on "Primate Calls, Human Language and Nonverbal Communication" by Robbins Burling. Current Anthropology vol. 34(1): 41-42 (1993)

Chimps Are Good at Physics While Orangs Excel at Optics. Commentary on The Mentality of Orangs Translation of manuscript by Wolfgang Köhler in International Journal of Comparative Psychology. Vol. 6(4): (1994)

Commentary on "Signs of the Origin of Syntax" by David Armstrong, Wm. Stokoe, & Sherman Wilcox. Current Anthropology vol. 35(4): 363 (1994)

Commentary on The Human Symbolic Revolution: A Darwinian Account. Cambridge Archeological Journal 5(1): 101-102. (1995)

Commentary on Jonas Langer’s Descent of Cognition in Developmental Science, 3(4) 2000

Locating Early Homo and H. erectus Tool Production along the Extractive Foraging/Cognitive Continuum, Commentary on Thomas Wynn’s article. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 25: 414-15, 2002

Teaching the New Baby to Talk with Biologists, Commentary on Blaisi & Bjorklund’s Evolutionary Developmental
Psychology, in Human Development, 46:282-87, 2003

OTHER:
Foreword to Pretending and Imagination in Children and Animals, edited by Robert W. Mitchell, Cambridge University Press, 2003

Invited Addresses:

Main Lecture. VIIIth International Congress of Primatology. Florence, Italy. 1980.

Main Speaker. Symposium of British Psychological Association. University of Sussex, England. 1982

Lecturer. University of California, Davis. Extension Program entitled "The Evolution of Consciousness." 1983.

Lecturer, Advanced Course on Symbolism and Knowledge, Fondation Archives Jean Piaget, Universite de Geneve. Sept. 1986.

Presenter, Wenner Gren Foundation Conference on Tools, Language and Intelligence: Evolutionary Implications. Cascais, Portugal, March 1990.

Plenary Speaker. Jean Piaget Society Meeting, June, 1995, Berkeley, CA