This is a rational equation, so we run through the steps for
solving rational equations. First clear denominators. In this case
the smallest common denominator is (*x* - 1)(*x* + 5). When we multiply both
sides by (*x* - 1)(*x* + 5)

we get

which amounts to cross multiplying

Remove parentheses

Transpose known terms to one side and unknown terms to the other

Combine

Divide both sides by the coefficient of the unknown.

Copy down the original equation

except that wherever you see an *x*, copy down the solution, in
parentheses.

This gives us compound fractions. We simplify both of them. First do the additions and subtractions on both of the bottoms. For this we will need common denominators. Multiply and divide the number terms in the bottoms by 5.

Now that we have common denominators we can add and subtract on the bottoms.

We are now ready to invert and multiply.

or

which checks.